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Working Time Directive and its Implementation in the UK - Term Paper Example

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In this paper tells about the European Working Time Directive (WTD) presents a major challenge that requires innovative approaches to working patterns and service delivery. Also tells about the reasons trend of shorter working hours and what do with it…
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Working Time Directive and its Implementation in the UK
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Download file to see previous pages Standard economic theories often assume that workers' current levels of working hours correspond to their needs and preferences, but this is not the case for many workers. In fact, their ability to exercise choice over their working hours is too large extent constrained by many factors that are beyond the control of individual workers, including the structure of the labor market itself (Euwals 2001; Kahn et. al 1992; Schor 1992; Stewart et al. 1997). As Schor (1992:129) stated it is often the case that 'competition in the labor market is typically skewed in favor of employers: it is a buyer's market. And in a buyer's market, it is the sellers who compromise'. This explains at least in part why active working time policies have been adopted in many industrialized countries to reduce the gap between current and preferred working hours (Messenger, 2004).   It should also be noticed that very short working hours are often related to poor working conditions. In fact, there is some evidence that these jobs are 'designed to meet employers' requirements rather than labor supply preferences' (Fagan 2001b: 253). Those workers who are working very short hours are also reported to be disadvantaged in terms of promotional opportunities and non-wage benefits (Walsh 1999). In terms of earnings, evidence indicates that hourly earnings for part-time workers with less than 20 hours per week appear to be lower than for other part-time workers (OECD 1999). Interestingly, a recent EU Working Conditions Survey reveals that the increase in part-time in Europe between 1995 and 2000 was largely 'bottom-up' (Bodin 2001): the increase resulted mainly from an increase in the lowest working time band (i.e. less than 10 hours), in which employment and pay conditions are generally unfavorable. Furthermore, these workers (particularly women workers) are exposed to 'a significantly higher risk of unemployment'. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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