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Additionally, the absolute numbers in England should raise an alarm for policy makers due to the increase from 7.8 million people aged over 65 years in 1996 to 12.4 million by 2031. An increment of 60% is overwhelming proportion when compared to other age group structures in the UK population.
National Health Service (2015) report per capita consumption of health care by older people is 3-5 times higher than for young people. The report also indicates that People over 65 years in England occupy two-thirds of the hospital bed-day. The costs come from the burden of dealing with dementia, chronic heart disease, stroke and cancer for the older generation (NHS, 2015). The reported healthcare cost does not take into account the continuing care for the young generation provided within the hospital and home settings. Therefore, it is assumed that continued population ageing will inevitably result in increased healthcare costs.
United Kingdom performs better in terms of life index and overall well-being. OECD estimates that 71%percent of people aged between 15-65years have paid jobs. However, the UK total fertility has been 1.8 children per woman since 2001 but the ONS has confirmed that the rate has fell below threshold replacement level in 2012. Therefore, there will an imbalance between the young and the older generation in the economy. The UK current welfare operates on the principle that the text and pension contributions of a large workforce fund the National Health Service (NHS) and the pension requirements of the retired segment. The statistics highlighted have resulted in 3.2 people of working age for every person of State Pension Age (SPA) or older. The working age is projected to fall to 2.9 by 2051. The parliament also estimates 10.7 million people expect inadequate retirement incomes leading to a problem in retirement and pension benefits for the older generation by 2051. Therefore,
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According to WHO, people aged over 60 is faster than the other age groups. Within the year 2000 and 2050 people who belong to the age 60 and above is expected to rise from 600 million to 2 billion. This global phenomenon of aging is possible because of technological and healthcare advancement this past century.
Policy Implementation. What strategies can policymakers use employ to promote successful policy implementation?
A policy is a guideline or a rule against which policy makers make policies in order to achieve an outcome that is good for social welfare (Gowing & Arnold, 1974) Policy implementation is the part of policy process between establishment and evaluating the policy and seeing its impact on people.
Demographic change is a continuous phenomenon; birth, death and migration constitute three processes to cause change in population in an area, region or country. When one group grows faster than other the composition of the society gets changed. The Bulletin describes key demographic processes in detail and the way they are assessed.
The primary purpose of modest mandatory prison terms (e.g., three years for armed robbery) are specific deterrence, which applies to already sanctioned offender, and general deterrence, which aims to deter prospective offenders. If the law successfully increases the imprisonment rate, the effects of incapacitation also will grow because fewer offenders will be free to victimize the population at large.
will encounter a huge fiscal challenge in near future. The demand will increase rapidly as the baby-boom generation retires in near future.
Amongst the causes, increase in life expectancy is one of the biggest causes of a dramatic increase in older population.
In some countries, like the United States, welfare is provided through financial support, while in others, like the United Kingdom, through institutional services like healthcare provision and education. Whatever the modalities, policy makers usually see the family issues as important since social policies need to be designed on the basis of this.
But what of aging gracefully
In the past fifteen years of my life I have learned that while I wish I still had the body of my youth, I am happy to have my mind and wisdom intact. I have patterned myself after people I admire for most of my life and when I discovered that people younger than me looked up to me in the same way I looked up to the special older people of my life, I felt a sense of arrival at something.
The literatures interact with one another in a complicated manner. By testing and understand the new aging and existing theories, it will be possible in promoting the successful aging.
There are various questions asked about
The decision makers can also own up to those decisions that they make. The initiatives done have a core goal of alleviating the problems to the people. All the functions and actions done are a subject to oversight, and the implementing parties are answerable to their
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