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Edward Said (1978: 43) argued that orientalism is ultimately a political vision of reality whose structure promoted the difference between the familiar (Europe, the West, 'us') and the strange (the Orient, the East, 'them'). Disc - Essay Example

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The Paris attack and the attack that happened during Boston Marathon are some of the few cases that indicate that what was planted by the forefathers is coming to haunt the Western…
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Edward Said (1978: 43) argued that orientalism is ultimately a political vision of reality whose structure promoted the difference between the familiar (Europe, the West, us) and the strange (the Orient, the East, them). Disc
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Edward Said (1978: 43) argued that orientalism is ultimately a political vision of reality whose structure promoted the difference between the familiar (Europe, the West, 'us') and the strange (the Orient, the East, 'them'). Disc

Download file to see previous pages... gies that are spread by the Western media in regard to Eastern culture is an indication that the Orientalism ideology is having a stroll on the drafters. Orientalism is a term that is used mainly to describe the characteristics and culture of people that emanates from Asia and most specifically Middle East (Said 1995). The first orientalists were scholar who translated various writings of the Orient into English in the 19th century. This was mainly based on the supposition that an effective colonial conquest needed the information on the people to be conquered. This made Said to believe that knowing of the Orient by the West made them o own it. This aspect motivated orientalism. Therefore, without imperialism, people from the West could not have studied Near and Far-East societies and cultures (Tibi 2009). Therefore, Orientalism made the west look at the Arab culture as exotic, backward, and dangerous. Early Orientalism was seen in the European paintings and photographs. It was also clear during the World’s Fair which was held in United States in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The paintings were by various European artists depicted the Arab world as sandy, and full of belly dancers. This was a clear indication of early Orientalism. When France was conquering Algeria, they took pictures of Algerian women and edited them because they believed that they were inferior. Therefore, in addition, they could not listen to the views of the local population because they perceived them as “others” (Iskander & Rustom 2010). This aspect was taken by the Western countries that were expanding their territories to other parts of the world. Through the use of photographs and various images by different artists, the ideology was taken as the truth and it become a political justification for the colonialists. For instance, images that can be found in James Buel’s photographic book is a clear evidence that the views were deep-rooted in the minds of the Westerners even in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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