The last few decades have seen an increase in the number of people being diagnosed with obesity. It is estimated that two-thirds of Americans are overweight. What is alarming about obesity is the rate at which people are becoming…
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Food is readily available at any time; however, what makes it dangerous to consume this food is because most of it is processed. It is this type of food that is found in vending machines, fast food restaurants, and snack shops that are high in sugar, fat, and calories. More and more Americans are eating out rather than consuming home meals that have fewer calories. The above explanation makes the number one reason for obesity (Ruskin & Schor, 2005).
There is also the fact that poor neighborhoods do not have access to high-end grocery stores that sell vegetables and other healthy foods. Residents of Philadelphia, for example, did not have a local grocery shop until one was put in place through the help of the local government. The lack of access to healthy food forces Americans to consume from snack stores, fast food restaurants and vending machines making it even harder to fight obesity (Ruskin & Schor, 2005).
The lack of physical activity by many Americans can also contribute to the high number of obesity cases. Most Americans own cars; they drive to work and come back from work the same way. When they get to their homes, they relax and watch TV spending the whole day without any physical exercise. The prevalence of obesity can be attributed to this because most people consume more calories than they burn in their daily activities. A study of the American schools revealed that many learning institutions revealed the following. Many learning institutions do not have any form of physical education in their curriculum. The foods consumed at school are not checked for caloric intake at all. When young people and even adults do not burn most of the calories they consume they accumulate it in the form of fat. Most workplaces nowadays involve sitting down and working on a screen meaning very little physical activity (Ruskin & Schor, 2005).
BMI is not a tool for diagnosis or check for illness but is an indicator on weight issue. My BMI falls at
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As the report stresses American children are becoming obese faster today than at any other time in our history! and it is anticipated that the outcome will be children are expected to have a shorter life span than their parents. Whereas some obesity causing factors are preventable others are not.
Therefore, it is essential to take specific precautions as children and youth undertake exercise and fitness testing by engaging parents and guardians in understanding their health complications. As a result, an assessment that involve enquiries on health history, risk factors and precautions medications recommended tests, health and lifestyle related behaviors, body composition, nutrition, motivational strategies and finally evaluation and recommendations ensures the attainment of healthy physical fitness of the children and youth without complications.
( T0 ) 97.18(2.4) SPo2( T6) 97.88(1.67) 6MWD (meters) (walked) 430.60(39.6) Predicted 6MWD (meters) (equation) 433.67(28.5) %6MWD 100.09(14.7) MET 1080.9(1253.2) PAL Factor 1.5359(0.1) mHR 199.6(1.3) % mHR T0 41.06(6.7) % mHR T6 45.3(8.8) Abbreviations: T0 , measurement taken at the beginning of the test;T6,measurement taken at the end of the test; BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure;SPo2 ,oxygen saturation; 6MWD,distance walked in six-minute walk test; Predicted 6MWD, predicted distance to walk in six-minute walk test from reference equation;%6MWD, percentage of distance walked in reference to predicted distance; MET, metabolic equivalent; PAL ,
To date it is the best proxy of body fat percentage in relation to height and weight. Body fat calculations and measures became paramount due to rising cases of obesity in western countries and enabled professionals to identify and address weight
The best approach for diagnosing obesity employs the use of BMI level. BMI is calculated by dividing weight (expressed in kg) by height (m2). The ideal BMI falls between 20 and 25. The three grades of obesity include Grade I (BMI between
s based on a study that focused on establishing the efficacy of self-management programmes in the improvement of disease management for the people ailing from type 2 diabetes. Trained health workers administered the study and the results showed that for improvement of diabetic
It is important to note and mention that the amount and level of calorie that is burnt in a human being is a subject of many variables and factors. They include aspects such as the height of the person, the body mass index, the gender of
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