Download file to see previous pages...
Extractive institutions focus on extracting resources from many to advance benefits of a few, while inclusive institutions focus on creating a level playing field to maximize benefit using the same resources (Acemoglu and Robinson, 2012). In light of the approach taken to political and economic institutions by Acemoglu and Robinson in their book Why Nations Fail, both authors are expected to applaud the Harper government’s move because one organization was folded and merged with another to save resources and gather more skills in one place. Much has been written about the benefits offered by mergers. It is this success of mergers in many nations which has inspired many political leaders to take a closer look at this profitable strategy (Tschirhart & Bielefeld, 2012). A merger can prove to be a significant opportunity in times of economic contraction. It can help to solve the crisis. The Harper government is an example of an inclusive political institution which is important for sustained prosperity. Collaboration of two separate organizations signifies a shared-power approach to many issues encountered by them. It is impossible to sustain growth under extractive institutions because such institutions replace the old with the new in the economic realm. Acemoglu and Robinson would applaud this move because instead of replacing the old with the new, a merger occured leading to political and economic stability. It is argued in Why Nations Fail that nations become rich owing to more inclusive political institutions (Acemoglu and Robinson,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Although sociology developed very late as a field of science, its standing compared to other sciences is as strong as ever. The concepts, contributors, terminologies, and generalizations of sociology help in the development of generally acceptable theories.
This essay aims to review the concept of society within the sociological field. It intends to examine the notion of nation state. It seeks to review the criticisms around sociology as a science of nation state. Last, it points toward discussing the notion of cosmopolitan sociology. The ‘science of the nation state’ is what the sociological field had initially owned when it first materialised.
Yet the ferocious nature and the feral spirit of the wild animal still rages within and it will blow off at the first opportunity it gets. A domesticated dog when released into the jungle will behave as it has always behaved – tame and broken. But after being abandoned in the cutthroat world of the forest, its basal instinct will re-surface.
Every society is made up of groups of individuals that have certain hopes and aspirations; every state is made of people that want to find a way to find solutions for their growing needs and desires to achieve things and make a living for themselves as well as to support their families.
When a society is formed then the need arises which requires individuals to have some sort of governance and leadership in order to maintain and regulate peace within the region. This is the point where politics emerges and individuals start to develop their cognition and understanding of politics and how it functions.
As well, there are certain implications for a political sociology of the state, of which are also key and completely crucial to this particular overall discussion and so they too must be discussed until fully understood.
Weber and Durkheim disagree in their assessment of the possibilities for democracy ultimately to succeed in the modern society in realizing the goal of individual autonomy. Simply put, Weber believes that democracy cannot successfully compete with those modern social structures, which inhibit individual liberty.
and the modernization that occurs in societies and the determination of the universal social or even cultural mechanisms that hastens the process of changing society. (Dentler, 2002, p. 2).
In terms of culture, it is the study of the culture that signifies this group cultural