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It is a view supported by culture theory whereby the adaptation to a given human environment is an inevitable process for the success of the marriage. Primary deviance, thus, starts to show when the woman notes discrimination based on her tribe from the family of her husband. Alternatively, primary deviance means that an individual embraces the first steps of internalizing forms of deviant identity without alteration of accepted self-concepts of society (Slattery 2003, p. 144). Consequently, by integrating primary deviance, it implies that the marriage happens without the knowledge of the family. In other words, the deviance enables the couple to adapt to material as well as social processes caused by the dynamics of culture and nature.
On the other hand, materialization of secondary deviance will emerge when the family begins to label the girl as from another tribal family instead of viewing the couple as a unit. The family, therefore, is made aware of the violations of societal norms stipulated by the husband’s culture that will result in the labelling process (Anleu 2005, p. 77). Aspects of the labelling process include unwanted categorizations that elicit deviance and stigma in the targeted victim. Overall, labelling is meant to distort social identity and self-concept of an individual to prevent her from questioning consequences of stigmatization in the marriage.
Interestingly, there are numerous ways in which I was seen as deviant in the family set-up of my husband’s household. First, my primary deviance started when the family refused to acknowledge our marriage because of existing tribal differences. It shows that my deviance emanated from the social construction of reaction of the husband’s family and not action to formalize the marriage. Contrastingly, cultural values and norms play an integral role in
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Of course labelling would have its own consequences on the criminals. To check the veracity of cited statement in the nineteenth century, young offenders’ life cycle in the northern Sweden is analyzed / examined. For a complete awareness, register of prisoners were investigated to be linked it with the Swedish parish records of the offenders.
Because of these established societal dogma, many effects, mostly negative than positive, have figuratively crippled labeled individuals from their positive potentials. The said theory has been argued about by many intellects over the decades since it has evolved, and many criticisms have surfaced as well.
The author states that deviance is considered negative for the society, but the functionalist theorists have a different perspective of deviance. Functionalist theorist believe that deviance helps in strengthens the society and members of a society learn about what are non-deviant and deviant behaviors due to occurrence of deviance.
Sociology versus ‘Common-sense views’ of Society
Sociological perspectives have been developed through research and have been applied in various disciplines to explain human phenomenon such as social actions, structures, functions, and processes. The subject matter of Sociology ranges from the micro level individual agency to the macro level of systems and the entire social structure that is evident in society; over the years, Sociologists have been fascinated by social subjects because of the eccentric nature of human behaviour.
e we can understand how it was that Becker created a theory in which the labeling of a person who has committed deviant acts as being detrimental to the future of the person as well as the society in which the person is in as they will be morally judged and thus pushing them
Within this spectrum of investigation, the essay argues that, through control theory and viewing deviance as a resistance to the dominant ideology, it is possible to understand it in terms of the deviant’s perspective.