Milam and Ketchem (1984), in their opening chapter, give a description of the deep schism, which is found amongst physicians, scientists and facilitators of addiction treatment, over the nature and type of the disease…
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By understanding these perceptions, the counselor may work towards correcting the perceptions that are wrong, so that an efficient strategy can be developed for purposes of fighting alcohol addiction. Chapter two of this book gives a discussion of the alcohol product in itself. It identifies alcohol as a food, chemical, and drug. Furthermore, this chapter gives a discussion on how the body is able to process alcohol.
Understanding the process which the body engages in while processing alcohol is important because it helps in addressing and correcting a myth that alcoholics have emotional and psychological problems, and that is the reason they are drinking. However, this chapter denotes that the problem of alcohol addiction emanates because the bodies of people, is unable to process alcohol in a normal manner. Based on this fact, alcohol addiction is physiological, and it is therefore addictive in a selective manner or method. Furthermore, Milam and Ketcham (1984) explain that 10% of the populations of the world are addictive. This is important information, because it helps in identifying the extent of alcohol addiction in the world. This is an indication that alcohol addiction is a global problem, which has to be solved. Chapter three gives a discussion on the factors responsible for shaping the behavior of an alcoholic. For instance, this chapter explains that the reason of non-alcoholics and alcoholics drinking alcohol is the same.
However, continuous consumption of alcohol by non-alcoholics will most definitely turn them to alcoholics. Milam and Ketcham (1984) argue that alcoholics normally use alcohol for purposes of solving their problems. However, the reality is that excessive consumption of alcohol leads to an increase in the psychological and emotional problems. It does not help in solving the problems of the alcoholics. This is important
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The study covered the financial ratios that firms, shareholders, investors, suppliers, distributors, competitors and other stakeholders including government agencies use to analyse the performance of the firm. Different types of financial ratios have been discussed in this chapter and all these financial ratios will be calculated for the three firms under study; Tesco, ASDA and Sommerfield in the study.
The book is divided in three main chapters .The first chapter is psychological legacy of slavery that deals with the African American’s attitude towards work, property, personal inferiority, family and color discrimination. The Second Chapter deals with the author’s response towards breaking this chain of mental slavery.
Though its popularity has declined somewhat since the 1970’s and 80’s, cocaine is still one of the top drugs of choice among users, abusers, and addicts. Blaise writes, “Cocaine abuse is widespread but rarely admitted. There is no cocaine consumer profile either for social class, age or sex” (pg. 1263). In truth, cocaine is not as insidious a drug as one might suppose. While users can typically hide their use for a little while, extended use of cocaine shows obvious external signs of their drug habit.
Breaking the Chains of Psychological Slavery certainly represents a great breakthrough in thinking about slavery in black psychology, but in nonetheless has some weaknesses. In the first chapter of Akbar’s book, entitled The Psychological of Slavery, Akbar focuses on two interrelating ideas – how slavery continues to affect the black view of “work,” and how community division practices initiated by slave owners continue to have an impact on black society.
This paper is an assessment of the book entitled “Breaking the Psychological Chains of Slavery” written by Na’im Akbar. This book evaluates the lifestyle of modern day African-American and teaches individuals to avoid experiencing caged in slavery by presenting a series of essays and case studies.
In fact, this could be extended to cover not just alcohol, but also other intoxicants such as marijuana and cocaine, normally used together with alcohol, accounting for 18% of traffic-related deaths according to Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC (2013).
ial as well as psychological impact is still prevailing in the minds of African -Americans even after five- six generations from the real slavery, thereby the distinction between black and white persists. It comes automatically as the roots of slavery are deep seated in the