(2013) corresponds to its title which is the Application of Health Belief Model in Promotion of Self-Care in Heart Failure Patients. This study is important because it explains that many people who suffer from heart failure do…
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The study applies HBM in the context of the Shahid Rajaee center of Heart Research in Tehran. This center works with heart-failure patients and is a perfect place for research with such a narrow focus.
This study measures 9 constructs of HBM that are presented by perceived susceptibility, perceived threat, knowledge, perceived benefits, perceived severity, self-efficacy, perceived barriers, cues to action and self- behavior. These 9 constructs comprehensively examine the issue and let researcher make useful conclusions from their study. It took place during the year in 2008. All data were collected before the intervention and two month after its implementation to check its effectiveness in the case group and compare the results with the control group.
All data were collected at the Shahid Rajaee center of Heart Research in Tehran. This center is quite big; the researchers could involve enough participants in both case and control groups of the study. The total number of participants in the study was 180. 90 people were in the case group where the intervention was implemented and 90 people were in the control group where nothing was changed. All participants were randomly selected from all patients with heart who suffered from heart failure and received treatment at the center.
The researchers used questionnaire with 69 questions to collect all necessary data. The questions addressed all 9 constructs of HBM researchers wanted to measure and compare in the control and case groups of patients. The researchers conducted a pilot testing of the questionnaire to make sure that is was clear and consistent. The pilot tenting included 20 respondents who did not participate either in case group or in control group. The results of the questionnaire were measured with the help of ration scale. Percentages and rations
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Low health literacy diminishes the awareness of the patient, with respect to their medical condition. Thus, patients with low health literacy will be more likely to forget the medicines they had taken. They will also find it difficult to adhere to medical schedules and be beset with other associated problems.
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Providing Better Understanding of Health and Health Care through Sociology and Psychology Introduction Sociology and Psychology are two interrelated disciplines in the field of health and health care. The unprecedented changes in sociology and psychology influence ones understanding of the current health care system and the relationship of these disciplines to health and human behavior.
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Therefore, the challenge for the coming years will likely be to fully realise the potential for health promotion inherent in many sectors of society, among local communities, and within families. The ability to effectively cope with this challenge will largely depend on the extent to which modern health professionals are aware of the whole range of factors, both overt and covert, that influence human health and affect effectiveness of efforts intended to improve health of individuals and populations.
If you have heart failure your heart cannot cope with pumping the full amount of blood each heartbeat. Heart failure is divided into various types. The main types are:
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction. This means that the left ventricle of the heart does not pump as well as it should do during each heartbeat.
The author examines the Health Belief Model through its procedural concepts. He provides a stage-by-stage guideline to nurses in encouraging the patients to change their behaviors for the betterment of their health. In creating awareness and educating the community, nurses play their relevant role in diseases prevention and treatment.
Nolar Pender came up with health promotion model that hunts the possible reasons that influence behaviors through motivation. It aims to improve the health of the community as a whole and not limited to individuals.
The study in Feltner, Jones, Cene, Zheng, Sueta, Coker-Schwimmer, Arvanitis, Lohr, Middleton & Jones (2014) emphasizes the clinical problem related to heart failure treatments. The problem emphasized thus has been grounded on the statistics of readmissions by heart failure patients within a few days of discharge, embarking a negative impression for the health care sector efficiency.
The health belief model is used in the prediction and explanation of human behavior. Using it, one can predict the patient’s readiness to change. Therefore, it explores the client's readiness to change, the client's perception toward needing to change, and the clients perceived benefits to the health change.
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