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Deviance theories - Essay Example

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However, there is no clear consensus with respect to the causes of addiction or what elements of addiction can be ameliorated in what ways. As such, one of the oldest debates that exist within…
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Deviance theories
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Deviance theories

Download file to see previous pages... Within such an understanding and definition, the reader can come to an appreciable level of understanding that personal experience, gender, race, and socio-economics play a powerful role in determining the overall extent and level of exposure that a certain individual might have with respect to drug addiction. As a function of this level of realization, the following analysis will deal with addiction from both its hereditary standpoint as well as the social determinants/elements that factor into it. Further, a brief discussion and analysis of the contemporary theories can be attributed to such an approach will also be leveraged within the initial section of the discussion. It is the hope of this author that the reader can utilize this preceding discussion to gain a more informed and realistic interpretation/understanding of how addiction affects the lives of diverse groups of individuals.
The relativist would likely understand that drug addicion serves as evidence of a rejection of societal norms and an acceptance of personal choice/decision making. Further, the inclination to advocate changing the law and promoting a further level of inclusion and personal responsibility/freedom of choice would be contingent components of the behavior and underlying values that the relativist perspective would engage with.
Similarly, the relativist would not only point to the personal drawbacks of drug laws. Instead, they might necessarily point to the fact that drug laws are extremely expensive to enforce and require a high societal cost; at least in terms of tax revenues that are required from society as a means of supporting police and judicial processes that seek to punish this behavior. By weighing this alongside the harm that drugs can cause, those that approach this issue from the relativist perspective would be inclined to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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The author states that deviance is considered negative for the society, but the functionalist theorists have a different perspective of deviance. Functionalist theorist believe that deviance helps in strengthens the society and members of a society learn about what are non-deviant and deviant behaviors due to occurrence of deviance.

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