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Labelling.is the primary source of deviance. Evaluate this statement by comparing three major perspectives to the study of deviance. Assess their usefulness in studying the two (2) cases you have selected from the case studies discussed - Essay Example

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The long-established perspective is that an individual is labelled a deviant largely because that individual either behaves or acts in a deviant way or has attributes that define him or her as a deviant. For instance, an individual is labelled an offender because that individual…
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Labelling.is the primary source of deviance. Evaluate this statement by comparing three major perspectives to the study of deviance. Assess their usefulness in studying the two (2) cases you have selected from the case studies discussed
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Extract of sample "Labelling.is the primary source of deviance. Evaluate this statement by comparing three major perspectives to the study of deviance. Assess their usefulness in studying the two (2) cases you have selected from the case studies discussed"

Download file to see previous pages It has been a long-established societal belief that for several types of deviant behaviour a corrective societal response will function as a deterrent which will put off future abnormal conducts. In the area of criminology, the theory of deterrence has currently received significant amount of attention and, generally, the evidence from criminology literature substantiates the view (Taylor et al. 1988). In other words, when we examine the impacts of labelling, available evidence constantly suggests that labelling is not the primary source of deviant behaviour. In reality, labelling generally seems to have the reverse effect.
The objective of this paper is to explore the effect of the labelling theory using the three major perspectives in the study of deviance: structural-functionalism, interactionism and radical criminology. Then, by referring to two case studies, which are homosexuality and tax avoidance, the usefulness of these major perspectives to the study of deviance and, more particularly the to the analysis of the effects of labelling, will be discussed.
Even though the theory of labelling has been well-known among social thinkers and has served an important role in the manner society responds to different types of deviant behaviour, a thorough examination of the viewpoint indicates that it lies on a very weak foundation. Several of the pioneers of the viewpoint seem to have detached themselves from the theory of labelling in its contemporary form, either claiming for an exceptionally different emphasis, or backpedalling and revealing that all they aimed to accomplish was draw attention to the knowledge, already recognised by the social sciences, that abnormal or deviant behaviour concerns social interaction (Merton & Nisbet 1961).
Moreover, the evidence apparently indicates that the two most fundamental arguments of labelling theory are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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