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There are many definitions for hypothesis available in academics. For instance, one most stated definition of hypothesis is its synonymous usage of scientific theory1. However, the fact remains that sometimes hypothesis may be fairly different from that of theory as it is a tentative fact which is proven by assessment of data collected and further observed for its authenticity. In other words, it can be said that hypothesis is mere generalization of an argument which may reach against or pro depending upon the quality of statement being proposed (Poincaré).
As noted above, there are different types of hypothesis. Null hypothesis is one which shows no relationship between the two variables. There is default relationship between variables as well which are represented as null hypothesis. Secondly, alternative hypothesis suggested that the two chosen variables have a common relationship between each other.
In addition, it can be said that there cannot be any research study possible for its successful conclusion until there is a base hypothesis selected for its workability. The usage of hypothesis for a research work is as old as research process itself4. Astronomers, sociologists, scientists, mathematicians etc. all have made effective usage of hypothesis to find out relationship between different elements. In modern research and statistics, usage of hypothesis remains one of the most critical stages as there can be number possible results of a single assumption5. Also, a hypothesis can play a significant role in assessing a research method. If the hypothesis is claiming a statistical measure with respect to another variable then it indicates statistical analysis of variables. On the other hand, there are many hypotheses which may indicate relationship in general without making use of measures. This also gives an idea to the researcher to undertake a qualitative research method
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it also contains social representations theory and its role in the analysis. relationship between human behaviour towards health and approaches to social representations theory and similaritites and advantages and disadvantages over other theories, limitations and how it is used by sociologist.