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Emily and John said that the school called for a conference eight months ago to discuss Carl’s behavior in class. Emily and John were in disbelief that anything was wrong because he never had issues reported before. Carl’s teacher reported that he was making careless mistakes on his school work; having difficulty keeping attention on tasks; and avoided doing work that required more than 3 minutes of thought. She reported to Emily and John that he was always losing his pencils and was very distracted. The teacher went on to tell Emily and John that Carl would fidget and appeared to have difficulty staying still. He also talked excessively in class which caused disruption to the other students. Carl would blurt out answers and had difficulty waiting his turn. Emily and John were shocked with this report and said that their son did appear to have a hard time staying on task and paying attention but they did not think it was this bad. The teacher then recommended that they take Carl to be evaluated for ADHD. Emily and John said they brought him to a child psychologist who diagnosed him with ADHD and told them that he was a “classical” case, but with the proper treatment he would be fine. The school also classified him with having ADHD and provide him with modified work assignments that are shorter in length and the school provides him with space to go to when he is feeling overwhelmed to calm down.
Emily and John said that they did not feel comfortable with medicating their son; but would continue to bring him to therapy to work on behavioral issues. As of the last session Carl had with the psychologist he has progressed with his ability to focus. Emily and John report that with a routine and organization he has been doing better. Emily and John use goals and rewards to encourage him to listen and complete tasks while at school and home.
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According to an epidemiological research of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the actual rate of prevalence could be two to three times more than what is actually cited (3-5%) (Paule, et al., 2000). Besides, from the data it was concluded that there is a frequent occurrence of under as well as over diagnosis.
However, some medications of ADHD may be substituted with other treatment options such as behavior therapy in case patients develop risky health hazards and side effects. Researchers have also proved that healthy diets, appropriate lifestyle choices, and other treatment methods such as behavioral therapy can effectively help ADHD patients to manage their symptoms.
These children also experience impulsivity, as well as hyperactivity, resulting in difficulty in controlling their actions in both home and school. One of the hallmark features of ADHD is the impairment of a child's cognitive, as well as psychosocial, capacity.
The study also determined the level of preparation of teachers and their ability to cope with the challenges of inclusion and mainstreaming. The results would show whether inclusion would be the best option or whether alternative intervention strategies are available for children with ADHD.
The above title is a statement of caution derived from conclusions and deductions of a critique of reports. These reports are on researches into the relationship between prenatal stress and smoking, and ADHD in children. The reports are critical descriptions of approaches by different researchers into this relationship.
their remote controls in their hands and just browse through different channels that are on offer on the television without even thinking what they actually want for themselves. They just lean on to what are more exciting and more towards their interest than anything else. This
It tends to be more common in boys than in girls, as current estimates show it exists three times as much in boys than in girls (Shut, 2009). It is considered to be a chronic disorder, due to the fact that
dies revealed that there is a higher number of ADHD cases in male children and adolescents who belong to low-income families (Hoza et al., 2005; Evans, 2004).
ADHD is a serious mental health condition because the child’s inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and over activity could
e by initially providing an overview of ADHD, its symptoms, co-morbid problems, and neuropsychological deficits, prior to delving into academic disadvantages, rationale for experiencing academic problems, and the appropriate interventions needed to address manifested behavior.