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Prior to setting up a confidentiality agreement, the case manager or counselor should articulate the tenets and limitation of the confidentiality agreement. To this end, the articulation of the limits are necessary incase the case negates the boundaries of ethical, moral and legal behavior. Consequently, one of the tenets of confidentiality is the legal principle (Oermann & Gaberson, 2009). The level of privileged information varies between the client and case manager and depends on the type of professional consulted. To this end, clients have the right of confidentiality when divulging privileged information to certain professionals such as lawyers, pastors or doctors. However, a lesser extent of rights exists in professional such as counselors, psychologists or social workers. Thus, the client should be clearly notified on this precinct. The ethical principle is another tenet that refers to the guiding principles followed during a case handling process between the client and case manager (Kannenberg, 2003). These may include a case manager maintaining a professional level of caution in ensuring information revealed in confidence adheres to the confidentiality clause. Consequently, when ethical standards pertaining to confidentiality are violated the case manager is liable to a loss of confidence and credibility by the client. Thirdly, pertains to moral principles in which the therapist or case manager has to reflect on the limits of his/her moral principle subject to information divulged in confidence. For example, the case manager should exercise control over his or her moral principles in situations where information infringes on their personal values. However, in circumstances where the client divulges information that is deemed violent and injurious to either himself/herself or a third party, a fourth principle is applied. This is principle is known as the intent to harm and duty to warn (Gilliland, 1988). In this circumstance, the case manager is
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Confidentiality also gets highly used when matters regarding national interest get involved. It is necessary to keep confidentiality if the unauthorized release of certain information can act as prejudice to a country’s interests. In their book, ‘Top secret America’, Arkin and Priest reveal of America’s secret world of terrorism industrial complex that arose after the September 9/11 attacks (Priest & Arkin 14).
The benefit of using the roller conveyor is that no matter how heavy the load may be, it gets moved with minimal inconvenience and time as it has to be moved mechanically by rollers. No manual work is involved in it. The smallest thing to be transported has to be broad enough to cover the width of at least three rollers in order to be moved (MHE Taxonomy, 1999).
The American Nurses Association’s (ANA) Code of Ethics for Nurses 2001 is basic moral and ethical provision for the nurses which they have to follow and this code is considered as nonnegotiable in regard to nursing practice (Masters, 2005). Confidentiality, trust and privacy are included in the ethical code which the nurses have to follow.
Nursing values are prospects that add to public fortification. They enlighten nurses of their responsibilities and the community of what to anticipate of nurses. Principles relate to all nurses not considering their position, job depiction or area of application.
However, the manual strategy of processing as well as storing information has its own weaknesses. For instance, it is slow and the hard files can be destroyed by natural hazards such as fire. On the other hand, computerization can increase both effectiveness and efficiency of information processing and storage.
The author analyzes a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through archiving or deletion. This cycle of organisational involvement with information involves a variety of stakeholders.
The author states that the prognosis of this disease starts early on in life, with the child showing signs of delinquency, lying, truancy and substance abuse. However, its diagnosis is limited to patients who are at least 18 years of age. Many factors can play a role in a child’s life leading to a development of this disorder.
The author of the paper states that it needs pays attention to organisation management information that issues raised by sociology, economics, environment and psychology. An organization is a stable, formal social structure that takes resources from the environment and processes them to produce outputs.
Legislation concerning confidentiality is introduced by a number of acts of parliament: Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990, the Abortion Regulations 1991 (under the Abortion Act 1967) and the NHS (Venereal