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When individual lives in a class-based system, there is at least a hope that one day he/she would be able to move up the ladder by earning more money. The individual tends to make efforts for that like doing two or three jobs simultaneously. However, in a caste-based system, there is no hope that one would be able to improve the circumstances in the future, since the caste cannot be changed, and changing social perceptions about a particular caste is not any easier. Caste based system is more torturing and suppressing for the people at the bottom as compared to the class based system (Mahey, n.d., p. 149).
There are three fundamental types of stratifications that one experiences in the everyday life, namely racial, ethnic, and gender stratification. Of the three, gender stratification has the maximal role to play in the individual’s everyday life, followed by racial stratification, and lastly, the ethnic stratification. This is because of the fact that gender, race, and ethnicity of an individual are recognized by the society in the very order. Everyone belongs to a particular gender. Race is mostly unitary whereas it is possible for one individual to have more than one ethnicity (Conley,
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Common interests and goals bind the members of a team to move towards its achievement through frequent and coordinated interface among them. The dynamics that ensue make the group interaction interesting and challenging. Various types of resources – staff, funds, facilities, equipment, supplies, time, information – are put to effective use with varied methods and techniques to minimize conflicts and to ensure the attainment of goals.
“Social stratification”, Macionis observes, “is a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.” (2008, p.254) Ethno-racial background, religion and socioeconomic position include the most dominant indicators of social stratification.
The calculation for the NPV is shown below. Expense / Return Value Total Cash Inflow for Six Years $40,50,000 Cost of Capital for Six Years $13,50,000 Total Return for University in Six Years $27,00,000 Total Investment by University $18,00,000 Actual Return over Six Years $900,000 Given these figures, the NPV becomes $-1,36,735.74 with a profitability index of 0.924.
Titanic, released in 1997 and directed by James Cameron, was the movie sufficient to discuss these social aspects, such as class and race or ethnicity. The film casted by Leonardo DiCaprio as Jack Dawson, Kate Winslet as Rose DeWitt Bukater, Billy Zane as Cal Hockley, Kathy Bates as Molly Brown as main characters.
Social class also refers to a concept that centers on various models of social stratification where people are put together in groups of hierarchical categories of social standing with the main ones being lower, middle, and upper class. A social class refers to a set of persons who are in a similar position economically (Levine, 2010).
4. What are your views regarding these problems? 5. What are the steps that a Government should take to solve these problems? 6. What is the role of prison psychologists in controlling the sociological behaviors of prisoners? Sociological and psychological parameters become more complex when the boundaries of a society become confined within four walls of a prison.
Social stratification leads to social inequality where some groups of people stand higher in social ranking, control scarce resources, have wield power and receive special treatment. There are four main stratification systems and they include the caste system, slavery, open class and the estate system.
Weber has given the three component theory of stratification based on class, status and party or politics. In this stratification class is an economical factor while status and politics are non economical factors. It includes the relationship between employer and employee, renter and owner and others.
The article further explains the division of status within different positions of a particular society and even places emphasis on the factors that cause and promote inequality. The article does not refer to the status of
Social stratification is a ranking process where people categorize themselves hierarchically using the resources that they control.
Social stratification and leadership are forms of social constructs of reality. This is because societies
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