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Culture, as a sociological concept, is our way of life (Levin, 2008). Culture is basically the influential root of all other concepts such as social status, social institution, norms and identity (Stoley, 2005). Culture is not all encompassing as we still belong to different subcultures. Basically, as we grow up, we are socialized into the dominant culture’s way of living. As we mature, gain knowledge, and develop our own identity, we begin to see that there are also different values and norms depending on each subculture. One example of a subculture is the youth subculture. Within this subculture, the members have a different set of values or priorities, such as friendship and intimate relationship.
In connection to the concept of culture is the concept of norm. Every culture has its own set of norms and values. The values that the culture propagates influence the actions of its members, thus creating the norm, or the normal and accepted behavior within the society (Kirby, et. al., 2000). Because we have different cultures and subcultures, we have different sets of values and norms, as well. It doesn’t mean that we have similar norms all over the world. An example of this is the norm of marriage. In other cultures, such as the American culture, marriage can be dissolved through divorce. In most Catholic cultures, divorce is not readily accepted as they think of marriage differently, that it cannot be dissolved by man’s laws. Another example is having a patriarchal or matriarchal society. This doesn’t mean that one culture is right and the other is wrong. It just means we have a wide variety of values and norms that we believe in. This indicates that human nature is not at all simple. It is a complicated nature as it can vary depending on how one is socialized and how one accepts changes or at least tolerates that there are different sides to a pyramid.
With culture and norms, we create an identity of our own (Giddens, 2006). Who
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Defining the health inequalities and how this associates with specific needs is one of the current trends which are associated with the current complexities. Understanding the components of these and developing an alternative approach toward the health inequalities is then able to build and develop a different consensus and understanding of what is required to begin changing health inequalities and the complexities which are associated with this.
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