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nother – is one of the things human beings behave in common, however tragic the consequences.” Hillen (1996) reported that “deciding when, where and how to intervene with military force presents a truly perplexing set of questions.” It is even more difficult to decide and take focus on national strategy when military resources are limited.
There are several measures that are considered before an armed intervention is deemed necessary. First criterion is the national security interests. Hillen (1996) mentioned that the military should defend the national security interests and “President and Congress must recognize that not all national interests are equally important. They must also acknowledge that not all national interests are national security interests that require military intervention.” Second criterion is sovereignty. Haass (2003) reported that “When a government fails to live up to these responsibilities or abuses its prerogatives, it risks forfeiting its sovereign privileges — including, in extreme cases, its immunity from armed intervention.” In addition, Jackson (2008) mentioned that “Under international law and normal customs, states are prohibited from intervening in domestic affairs unless the legitimate government requests aid. The only exception would be if self-defense to an aggressive act by that state.” The third criterion is human rights. The protection of human rights has been one of the main reasons of military use. In September 1999, the United States has already declared that states bent on criminal behaviour should “know that frontiers are not an absolute defense that massive and systematic violations of human rights, wherever they may take place, should not be allowed to stand." (Haass, 2003). The fourth criterion is the expected net effect on the human condition. This criterion considers the “devastating effect of armed intervention in human life, private property, and long term effects on the surviving
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The idea is that the greater the threat, the greater the risk of inaction, and the more compelling the case for taking anticipatory action to defend, even if uncertainty remains as to the time and place of the enemy’s attack. Therefore, in order to forestall a certain act of hostile by an adversary, the US should act pre-emptively.
These conflicts have not been standardized – being influenced by a series of factors, including the global political and financial trends but also the availability of resources for supporting the relevant initiatives. Current paper focuses on the examination of the changes in trends and patterns of armed conflicts since the end of Cold War, i.e.
What criteria would you have for initiating armed intervention if you were the president of the United States?
The first of these two ways includes the fact that peace of a particular land is being sabotaged by the external forces and the second points wrests on the rights of the smaller nations when the same are usurped by might of the bigger ones.
In most of the cases the military action is taken against the established government of a particular state and that is the reason there is a divide between scholars, leaders and general public on the legality and legitimacy of the humanitarian intervention.
Hence, it is crucial to delve into the hallmarks of humanitarian intervention and its necessity for today. Moreover, peaceful population living in the hotspots is in need of care on the part of the World Community every now and then. Therefore, the impact of humanitarian intervention in today’s conflicts cannot be underestimated, since it serves a back-up way to take control of the situation in a more peaceful way.
These interventions are rooted in the belief that the persistence of such behaviours and their enforcement without focusing on the underlying causes allow the behaviour’s repetition, continuation and habituation (Adams, et al., 2009). Various methods are used to modify the behaviours of parents, and one of these is the use of habit reversal techniques (HRT).
Many a theorists have ignored or denied the distinction based on consent. Stanley Hoffman is among the one who denies the 'definitional importance' of consent. In his essay "The Politics and Ethics of Military Intervention" he says that he does not see intervention in the context of consent because to him the consent is not always voluntary or genuine as the consent, granted in the beginning may turn into resentment.
Even the children of age 10 or more are trained into using weapons and are made part of armed groups; there is an increasing need of police adopting a proactive role. (Organization) The first step to this approach is arming the police officers. Only then will be the
Learning is a complex process which depends on many individual characteristics like attitude, intelligence, physical and mental health. It also depends on the environment in which learning occurs. Because of the dominance of above factors on learning, it is
Initial care providers state that many brief interventions are effective in treating substance abuse. Brief interventions include encouraging substance abusers to attend detoxification welfare groups such as
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