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Marxist Theory - Book Report/Review Example

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Summary
The present paper is devoted to the discussion of the argument is whether the Marxist theory of state has been too reductionist. The basis of the discussion is the Marxist theory of state itself, as well as the notions of the social reality and the reductionism as a sociological term…
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Marxist Theory
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Marxist Theory

Download file to see previous pages... For the better understanding of the subject it would be interesting to start with the definition of what reductionism is, and what aspects of reductionism will be applied in the present paper. First of all, reductionism in itself and in relation to sociology is the term, which means that the things, notions and phenomena, which are complex by their nature, are simplified to the number of sums and simpler fundamental things. (Jessop, 1982) Accounting this, it is assumed that Marx in his theory of the state tended to simplify certain notions and laws of the state existence, which will be discussed later. Bearing in mind the topic of the present discussion, it is important to note the possible expression of reductionism - which is called eliminavitism (it is the idea that certain elements in the history or in the phenomenon described don't exist at all). Not only tended Marx to simplify the idea of the state and its existence, but especially bright was his elimination of the certain important elements of the state, without which his ideas looked very real and applicable in practice. Despite the fact, that some authors argue, Marx was fighting against reductionism; it still appears that he was not able to create the working model of the state and class structure due to its simplification in his writings, and not to merely wrong interpretation of his ideas. However, the assumption remains to be mere assumption, until we come closer to the description of the Marxist theory of state and in conjunction with the knowledge on reductionism will be able to prove that Marxist views of the state cannot but be called reductionist.
Marxist views of state
It is essential to point out the main aspects of the Marxist views on the state, its structure, elimination and the bases of its existence. There is no clear separate theory of the state which Marx could turn into some separate set of ideas - these are more the views which were expressed by him in different woks, and have been formed into some shape of the theory not by him, but by Engels in his 'The origin of the Family'. The views on the state, expressed by both Marx and Engels were in fact the basis of their ideology and the fundamental part of their communist (at times, totalitarian) outlook. Though not only Marx, but the other authors of totalitarian ideas were basing their views on the construction and the system of the state, and professional sociologists state, that in case any totalitarian viewpoint does not take the state as the pillar of the sociological and other transformations in the society, its totalitarian character will hardly be seen. (Jessop, 1982) Marx and Engels were the ones to openly state the ideas of communism, proletariat power and the possibility of conquering the state power through revolution, to keep it in the hands of the lower labor class and exercising it for their own needs. The main paradox in the Marxist theory of state becomes evident, when we understand that on the one hand, the supporters of the Marx's ideas of the communist state, take the state as the central notion of the regime, which would be created on the basis of Marxist ideology; on the other hand, the same ideology does not take the state as the central notion of the communist ideology, that is, the abolition of the state, and its elimination appears ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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