Nobody downloaded yet

Urbanization in Saharan Africa - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Sub-Saharan Africa is the world's poorest and least urbanized continental district. It does now have quite a few metropolitan areas with over three million populace and troubles similar in amount to those in big cities somewhere else in the third world. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Urbanization in Saharan Africa
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Urbanization in Saharan Africa"

Download file to see previous pages Sub-Saharan Africa is the world's poorest and least urbanized continental district. It does now have quite a few metropolitan areas with over three million populace and troubles similar in amount to those in big cities somewhere else in the third world. Most capital metropolises and major industrial centers in Sub-Saharan Africa have inhabitants of no more than two million people; in the negligible cities they reside barely 100,000 to 150,000. In intercontinental circumstances, these would grade as merely unassuming intermediate or secondary metropolises.So far, the bulk of urban Africans still reside in cities, towns and villages of this size or smaller.However, it is misleading to focus completely on total urban dimension. Far more significant, in terms of the capability to absorb, house and provide work for inhabitants is the rate of urban development. In this respect, Sub-Saharan Africa has for a short period now directed the world, with rates of 5% to 6% every year. A lot of primate centers and a range of secondary metropolises have experienced steady growth of 9.11% annually, which means that their inhabitants duals in less than a few years. These rates are two to three times elevated than the applicable national population escalation rates, which average 3% to 4% per annum and are themselves amongst the uppermost in the world. Although obviously increasing, the levels of urbanization in the Sub-Saharan states continue to stay among the lowest in the world. International evaluations are impeded by the extensively conflicting definitions of urban areas adopted by national statistical offices, as well as great variation in the coverage, accuracy, and base years of national censuses. (Jennifer Keiser, Jurg Utzinger, Marcia Caldas De Castro, Thomas A. Smith, Marcel Tanner & Burton H. Singer, 2004).
According to various economists, sub-Saharan African urban inhabitants are slightly more affluent than their rural counterparts. Health metrics are higher for urban inhabitants and towns put forward more education and employment prospects for women. Despite that, the greater part of urban inhabitants in sub-Saharan Africa resides under slum surroundings, devoid of durable accommodation or legal privileges to their property. In any case, one-quarter of African city inhabitants do not have right to use the electricity. A 2000 World Health Organization statement projected that only 43% of urban inhabitants had access to water through pipelines. Waste disposal presents a remarkable health danger in many urban districts, such as in Kibera, Nairobi's major slum, plastic bags are worn as flying toilets. Internal air pollution, poor nourishment and urban offense all facades fear to urban inhabitants. The hasty urbanization process in sub-Saharan Africa and the declining economic performance of nearly all African countries have shaped a new facade of poverty distinguished by an essential percentage of the population existing under the poverty contour in over jam-packed slums and sprawling shanty towns around the main cities. Estimation by UN-Habitat demonstrates that around 70% of all urban inhabitants in sub-Saharan Africa reside in slums. The experiences of the urban unfortunate are distinctive and often distinguished by dependence on cash economy, congestion and poor environmental sanitation, lack of safety, lack of communal and health services, superior indulgence in dangerous sexual practices, social disintegration and high levels of immigration. (Jean Basco). Urban population development in sub-Saharan Africa is primarily motivated by rural-urban migration of young adults looking for jobs and other employment chances in urban regions. For example, the amount of Nairobi city-born inhabitants is no more than 20% up to the age of 35 and less than 10% after age 50, and that half of the Nairobi inhabitants came to the town amid 17 and 23 years old. Certainly, in spite of the fall in employment chance linked with the economic slump in Kenya ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Urbanization in Saharan Africa Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1527391-urbanization-in-saharan-africa
(Urbanization in Saharan Africa Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1527391-urbanization-in-saharan-africa.
“Urbanization in Saharan Africa Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1527391-urbanization-in-saharan-africa.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Small business in Sub-Saharan Africa
...? SMALL BUSINESS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 05 September SMALL BUSINESS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Introduction Small business remains a serious problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. Difficult economic conditions and sociocultural disparities create serious barriers to implementing small business initiatives. Ethiopia is no exception: in the past ten years, Ethiopian governments have been largely unsuccessful in fostering and managing small business policies. Difficult economic situation and the lack of investment opportunities further complicate the situation. Nonetheless, like in other developed and developing countries, small businesses continue to...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Sub-Saharan Africa
...?Sub-Saharan Africa Travels First and College First and Department..., of... [Student’s First and Last Name] is now at Department of..., University of... This research was in part supported by the grant awarded to [Student’s First and Last Name] by [Sample Grant Programme]. Correspondence concerning this research paper should be addressed to [Student’s First and Last Name], Department..., University of..., [Address] Contact: Sub-Saharan Africa Travels Serengeti The beginning of my travels through the Sub-Saharan Africa took me across the Serengeti region, which, with its vibrant ecosystem, is one of the most important and diverse parts of the African environment. The Serengeti mammal population is considered... of the continent and, as...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Chinas increasing presence in sub-Saharan Africa
...?Chinas Increasing Presence in Sub-Saharan Africa Kaplinsky, McCormick, and Morris (2007, p.3) that China is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The speedy development has particularly been experienced over the last few decades. The growth has been attributed to the economic restricting coupled with improved efficiency (Adisu, Sharkey, and Okoroafo 2010). Data shows that China was the third largest economy in the world in 2004, but at the same time ranked 129th in terms of per capita because it is the most populous country in the world with over a billion people according to the World Development Indicators (Bloomberg 2010). The Central bank of China projected that the economy of the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Literature review
China increasing presence in sub-saharan africa
...? China increasing presence in Sub-Saharan Africa Conclusion Undoubtedly, the presence of China in SSA s has contributed to a remarkable development both in trade and economies’ stability, which numerous Western states failed to ensure in the region up to date. This is regardless of numerous African states being Western states’ former colonies, whereby afterwards they continued to finance them to improve their economies although this is incomparable to China’s recent heavy investing in the region (Taylor 2006). China despite having high population (over 1 billion people) compared to numerous states globally, the state continues to exhibit a remarkable economic improvement each year (Bloomberg 2010). This is due to its insistence... on...
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation
HIV and AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa
...Running Head: HIV/AIDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa [The of the appears here] [The of the institution appears here] Introduction The number of people dying and living with HIV/AIDS is on the rise, yet only a lucky few have access to life-prolonging antiretroviral (A.R.V.) drug therapy (Clavel and Allan 2004). The primary reason for this lack of access is due to high cost of these 'luxuries' in Sub-Saharan Africa (Mader 2004). This paper takes a look at how we can ethically justify and challenge the reluctance of the major transnational pharmaceutical corporations in playing an active role for the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Global Economic crisis and sub-Saharan Africa
...Research Proposal Topic Analyzing the macroeconomic impact of Global Economic crisis on sub-Saharan Africa Introduction and Context The current economic global crisis originating from the mortgage crisis in USA has gradually started enveloping all the countries around the world in different measure. While some are affected very adversely, owing to their proximity to the US in economic activities, there are others which have been able to sustain impressive GDP figures even in these difficult times. As a result of globalization the economic indicators in Sub-Saharan region too have been dependent on cues from US markets. The root cause of the global economic crisis trends can be traced to the borrowings on easy terms by the banks... and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa
...Running Head: HIV/AIDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa [The of the appears here] [The of the appears here] Introduction The number of people dying and living with HIV/AIDS is on the rise, yet only a lucky few have access to life-prolonging antiretroviral (A.R.V.) drug therapy (Clavel and Allan 2004). The primary reason for this lack of access is due to high cost of these ‘luxuries’ in Sub-Saharan Africa (Mader 2004). This paper takes a look at how we can ethically justify and challenge the reluctance of the major transnational pharmaceutical corporations in playing an active role for the eradication of this menace. Also in the later parts, we see how the international agencies can play their role in helping... these...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Urbanization
... involved in making the air impure after the missions. For example, sulphur dioxide is emitted into the air by factories in many urban places. This is considered as primary pollutant, since it is directly linked to polluting the air. Other primary pollutants include emissions from cars, automobiles, trains and offices (Sajimon, 2010:11). Secondly there are the secondary pollutants, which are instrumental in making the air impure. When the primary pollutants react together, they cause a tertiary form of pollution. For example, smog created after reaction of two or more primary pollutants results into secondary pollution. Both secondary and primary pollutants are a threat to life, as they affect the air in the atmosphere. A number... of...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Sub-Saharan Africa
...Sub-Saharan Africa: Child Labor in African Cocoa Farming What factors contribute to the perpetuation of child slavery in the cocoa industry? The children and their families Approximately 1 million children in Côte dIvoire and Ghana have indulged themselves in child labor whereby some of them experience harsh pangs trafficking from the neighboring states. Besides, low wages given these families has significantly yielded to child servitude. In addition, cultural settings where the children find not issue in assisting in the fields also encourage possibility of child labor (Freely Give Truth, 2013). Since, most them fail to regard difficult tasks as an issue infringing their privileges but as a way to aid their parents. The cocoa... Africa:...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Urbanization
...Urbanization Urbanization Introduction The growth and developments seen in the contemporary society today have been made possible by the many social activities were trending in the past decades. Urbanization is a social change that has led to the rise of many cities. According to Gottdiener and Hutchison (2011), urbanization is defined as the migration of individuals from the rural areas to the urban or metropolitan regions hence making the population in the cities and towns to overwhelm. Etiologically, the word is derived from the Roman word ‘urbs’ which translates to a town or city. It is, therefore, a process in which persons seek to depopulate the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Urbanization in Saharan Africa for FREE!
Contact Us