Nobody downloaded yet

Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Somalia is one of the countries, which are referred to as "The Horn of Africa," others being Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea and Ethiopia. The region often experience prolonged interstate and intrastate conflicts. Besides the crippling conflicts inside their borders, these countries have become very active in destroying each other…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia"

Download file to see previous pages It is reiterated by social scientists that conflicts are, generally, manifestations of grievance that emanate from differences in values, interests, beliefs, perceptions or ideologies. When it comes to the conflicts in the Horn of Africa one can identify intricate but open religious and interest based conflict in the Sudan; a mixture of value, interest, belief, and ideology based conflicts in Ethiopia and Eritrea (Daniel). By using the Security Dilemma theory to explain Somalia's clan conflict, international relations experts see conflict as an offensive approach, whereby one actor (in this case, the clan) prepares to defend itself, which is perceived by another actor as threatening (Kaufman, 855). Laitin is careful to suggest that even though there were many threats to survival and security that may have motivated the Somali clans to arm themselves, such as the fear of enemy clans gaining state power after Said lost power in 1991, the security dilemma may not have been a principle motivator for the actions taken. Instead, Laitin argues that it was not security playing primary role, but perhaps a desire to ensure a future Somali state. Until 1991, the Security Dilemma may be a good explanation for clans fighting among themselves, but when Said was taken out of office in 1991, it is no longer valid reasoning for why the fighting could not cease to allow unification. Laitin also points out that the civil war that broke out in Somalia after 1991 was not due to the breakdown of the Central State and a resulting violent anarchy. No one clan was seeking State control to begin with.

In David Laitin's paper, "Somalia-Civil War and International Intervention," he notes that country experts usually blame the causes of that intrastate conflict on the segmentary lineage system, the brutality and corruption of Siad's regime, the international agreements that allowed Somalia to become heavily militarized, ecological conditions in the late 1980s. Though ecological conditions in the late 1980s in Somalia were poor as well, this too is another local condition of the conflict while still others argue against local conditions as causes. By suggesting the conflict and civil war in Somalia is due to local conditions only is a testament that the international system will be of no avail in preventing future conflicts of other countries who do not necessarily have Somali like "symptoms" of war. International relations experts will claim otherwise.
Somali society is organized as a segmentary lineage system culminating in the qolo translated as clan or tribe. The association of these groupings, each of which claims descent from a single ancestor, constitutes the agnatic basis of Somali society where community is expressed genealogically. Clans are therefore considered wider families, and community is formulated in the idiom of kinship (Klein). Though fluid loyalties and shifting allegiances are the hallmark of the social system, two main lineages - the Sab and Samale, and six main clans are conventionally recognized in ethnographic surveys: Dir, Isaq, Darod, Hawiye, Digil and Rahanwein. Each of these is in turn subdivided, into often a more prominent sub-unit, known as reer. The loose association of clans with particular territory has in recent years been asserted more vigorously as a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1521797-causes-of-intrastate-conflicts-in-somalia
(Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1521797-causes-of-intrastate-conflicts-in-somalia.
“Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1521797-causes-of-intrastate-conflicts-in-somalia.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Somalia
In a country characterized by homogeneous culture and religion, conflicts between clans and sub entities of the clans remain one of the most difficult challenges towards the establishment of a democratic state (Makinda, 1992, pp 34-37). Though the reign of Siad Barre was oppressive and undemocratic, it demonstrated the tragic consequences that an oppressive government dominated by one clan could have on the country that has numerous clans, each interested to get control of the state’s affairs.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Somalia
Somalia is the result of Great Britain’s withdrawal from what was known as British Somaliland in 1960. Somalia is in an arid region of the world and while it sees rain, is generally considered to be in a desert. The climate itself lends to the problems currently being experienced by those people who live within its borders.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Critically discuss the impact of humanitarian intervention in contemporary conflicts
Hence, it is crucial to delve into the hallmarks of humanitarian intervention and its necessity for today. Moreover, peaceful population living in the hotspots is in need of care on the part of the World Community every now and then. Therefore, the impact of humanitarian intervention in today’s conflicts cannot be underestimated, since it serves a back-up way to take control of the situation in a more peaceful way.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Conflicts
Furthermore, in the Pahlavi era, as well as since the 1960s, the two countries established close ties, close enough to be seen as strategic alliance partners, an alliance that quickly soured when the Islamic regime arose in Iran (Menashri 2006: 109). The U.S., as far as it is concerned, supports Israel, where President Barack Obama strives to delay Israel’s planned missile strikes on Iran’s nuclear program through applying sanctions on Iran.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
The Congo
Those freedom-fighting activities thus became fruitful and led to the first parliament election in May 1960. Patrice Lumumba became the first prime minister. Just after becoming the prime minister, he emphasised on the need of social and economic changes in the country.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Military Conflicts
As can be seen and heard over the different media, the worst kind of violence or terrorism, blowing one's self to inflict death and destruction upon innocent people, is - to say the least - almost a common occurrence. Characteristics of future conflicts have far-reaching implications, but with the present situation, one already has the slightest idea on what and where s/he will be in a future conflict.
24 Pages(6000 words)Essay
Conditions in Somalia
In addition to ties with other African countries, it has close religious and historical links with the Arab and Islamic world and has a seat in both the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the Arab League. Somalia has a population of approximately six million, including refugees.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
CONFLICT IN SOMALIA
erished this small country of 9 million people and destroyed its political landscape and has plunged the country into poverty that has encouraged extremity and militancy of all forms, which have fueled the crisis in Somalia for decades on end. With its constituent states in
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Post Colonial Intervention in Somalia
Somalia is not a country like any other and in most ways; it cannot be described as either African or Arab. The country has been plagued by state disintegration and repeated conflicts since independence and in 1991; the US Office of Disaster Assistance described it as “the worst humanitarian disaster in the world” (CJA, 2015).
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Will the potential spread of democracy lead to a more secure world (Contra)
Since the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, democracy has been the most popular and prevailing governing system in the world. Democratic peace theory (DPT), which was
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Causes of Intrastate Conflicts in Somalia for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us