Nobody downloaded yet

The Congo - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Before the independence, under the external aggression of Belgium, in 1958, Patrice Lumumba founded the National Congolese Movement (MNC). Just after the foundation, the party started demonstrations and protests for independence from the colonial government of Belgium…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
The Congo
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Congo"

Download file to see previous pages The independence did not solve all the problems of Congo, and problems started arising in the province of Katanga, which was enriched with mines. The province was under the control of Moise Tshombe, who in July 1960 supported the Belgium mercenaries and the Belgium Mining company named Union Minere. After having this support, he declared Kantanga independence. Due to this treachery to the Congo government, Lumumba requested United Nations to look into the matter and resolve all the upcoming issues and probable Civil War.
The Lumumba's government requested UN military assistance "to protect the national territory of the Congo against the present external aggression which is a threat to international peace." There was no request to restore internal stability. However, Secretary-General Hammarskjold recommended to the Security Council the establishment of a peace-keeping force to assist the government of the Congo in maintaining law and order until, with technical assistance from the UN, the Congolese national security forces were able to meet these tasks. The Security Council authorized the Secretary-General to take the necessary steps for this purpose and called on Belgium to withdraw its troops from the territory. Thus began what, until the operation in Cambodia, was the largest UN peacekeeping operation (reaching a peak of 20,000 troops plus a large civilian corps) and one with a profound influence on internal developments in a member state.
The Secretary-General was fully aware of the sensitivity of the action that the UN was undertaking in the Congo, both in terms of the attitudes of the foreign countries having a strong interest in the course of events in the Congo, and of the resistance of the Congolese government to any seeming.

UN Peace Keeping Mission in Congo -Congo Crisis (MONUC)
The secretary-general thus faced a government clearly desperately searching for assistance, and the possibility that outside powers might fill the resulting vacuum if the UN did not. Acting under Article 99 of the charter for the first time in the organization's history, the secretary-general called for a Security Council meeting to discuss the issue. In doing so, Hammarskjold set in motion the UN involvement in the Congo. That involvement took the form of an operation that, until the 1990s, was the largest UN peacekeeping operation on record. It was also an involvement that prompted a crisis so deep and an experience so devastating for the United Nations that once the UN operation in the Congo was officially over the UN did its best not only to put the experience behind it but also to forget it altogether.
The willingness to use force in the Congo was a first for the United Nations and it came in the early days of UN experience with peacekeeping. Some of the logistical and communication problems associated with the operation, therefore, can be attributed to a general lack of experience and procedures. Command and control problems, for example, such as those associated with the final unexpected push into Jadotville that surprised UN headquarters, fall into this category. It remains possible, though, that the Jadotville example, like the murky background to Operation Morthor, is an example of a disconnect between decision making in the field and decision making at UN headquarters, either ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Congo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
The Congo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(The Congo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
The Congo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“The Congo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Congo Conflict

...? CONGO CONFLICT Insert Insert Insert 9 November Summary Peace keeping in the democratic republic of Congo is the largest peace keeping mission undertaken by the United Nations. The mission has had minimal success in solving the conflict and safeguarding the lives of unarmed civilians and refugees. The peacekeeping mission objectives are to end the endemic violence and develop the war torn country. Congo has the potential to develop itself economically due to the vast mineral resources endowed in the country. The presence of high value minerals have contributed to the violence as many rebel groups use the minerals to fund their operations. Lack of resources and labor and strategic...
20 Pages(5000 words)Research Paper

King leopold's destruction of the Congo followed the themes of dehumanization and greed

...King Leopold Some facets of history tend to make their way to a general knowledge that will certainly live for some time. Around 100 year ago, a great crime against humanity happened during World War II during which a European icon caused the deaths of millions of people. Shared concepts are some how unclear, but a good majority would have an idea that the African land mass is full of poverty and wars, and that wealthier countries from time and again try their best to assist, but nothing much can be done in such atrocities. Some very land mark issues of the world seem to fade from memory and become invisible to powers that be. The Congo story is a good example of such. The rule was characterized by exploitation of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Book Review on The Congo-Zaire Experience 1960-98

...5th October 2006 Book Review on The Congo-Zaire Experience 1960-98 The chaotic struggle in central Africa and the political history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is chronicled in Edgar O’Ballance’s book The Congo-Zaire Experience 1960-98. Throughout the book there is the underlying theme of a totalitarian mentality dominant both from the side of the colonizers and local war lords, struggling for personal and tribal power through any means possible, particularly through violence. O’Ballance indicates that in a totalitarian run state, corruption is rampant and the centre tries to regulate almost all aspects of public life and the state’s economy. The regime maintains their...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Gender Equality in Congo

...Introduction The aim of this research project is to evaluate the effectiveness of various equality and women's empowerment programs of the NGO Monuc, based in the Republic of Congo. Particularly this study will investigate what programs of gender intervention that are used, how the programs are presented to women, how the women experience the programs, and the effectiveness of the programs to meet set goals. The war in Congo has continued for the past decade, and its impact on women has included displacement, rape, family deaths, stolen children and voluntary and involuntary recruitment to the war effort. Although research on the roles and status of women in Africa has expanded over the past two...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Proposal

Genocide in the Congo

...Genocide in Congo The twentieth century is doomed to carry with it the memory of several treacherous events that highlight mans cruelty to man in itsugliest form. Savage actions like killing men, mutilating human bodies, raping, murder of innocent women and children, and the destruction of landmarks and buildings, including schools and hospitals, reveal the essence of brutality that lies buried within the facades of an otherwise civilized society. For want of a more accurate term in dictionary, we use the word “genocide” to describe such barbaric acts. “Genocide results from the conjunction of influences and actions widely present in the world today, it needs to be addressed directly, and understood, not neglected.”(Newbury, 1998... ). It is...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Presentation on Genocide In Congo

...PRESENTATION ON GENOCIDE IN CONGO “Genocide is the “intentional destruction, in whole or in part, of a national, ethnical, racial or religious group”( “Genocide results from the conjunction of influences and actions widely present in the world today, it needs to be addressed directly, and understood, not neglected.” (Newbury, 1998). Theories exist that the Belgians who colonized the country, showed preference to the Hemas at the cost of neglecting the Lendus, which paved the way for several social injustices that culminated in rivalry between these groups. When the Belgians left in 1960, relinquishing the power to the people of Congo, it became known as the Democratic Republic of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Documantry on Congo

...Documentary on Congo Introduction The documentary explores the actions of King Leopold the Second of Belgium; the events covered show that he had taken Congo as a private colony during the years between 1885 and 1908. During his reign and control of the republic of Congo, the country was turned into a labor camp, where the citizens were subjected to immense brutality (Bate, Elie and Roger). The confusion arising from the case could be attributed to the fact that the King worked under the shield of protecting the Africans fleeing from Arabic Slave trade, while in the reality, he was enslaving them as the labor required for the massive production of rubber. Throughout the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Congo King Leopold's Ghost

...King Leopold Ghost ‘King Leopolds Ghost’ is a history book written by Adam Hochschild. The book explains the exploitation of King Leopold II to the Congo Free State between 1885 and 1908. The book explores the atrocities committed by King Leopold II during that period. The main aim of the book is to increase awareness of crimes and atrocities committed by tyrannical colonial rulers in Africa. The book chronicles the efforts of the king to make the Congo into a Belgian colonial empire. With political intrigue, propaganda and corruption, King Leopold II gets the assistance of an explorer called Henry Morton Stanley, and that of powerful states and public opinion. Through the Berlin Conference, King Leopold...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Book report about 'In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in the Congo'

...Book report: In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in the Congo Generally, dictatorship is considered as the end resultof internal insurgencies and related problems within national context. The work named as In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in the Congo, Michela Wrong deals with the problems faced by the people of Congo during the despotic rule of Mobutu. Thesis statement: In the work In the Footsteps of Mr Kurtz: Living on the Brink of Disaster in the Congo, Michela Wrong tries to expose the effect of Mobutu’s despotic rule on the mainstream society of Congo, which can be generalized to the wider...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Religion in Africa- Explore how the Lemba cult of the Congo conforms to the understanding of an ngoma-type cult of affliction

...Conformity of the Lemba Cult to an Ngoma Type of Cult Affliction Conformity of the Lemba Cult to an Ngoma Type of Cult Affliction The Lemba is a historical cult of trade, marriage relations as well as healing which came into being in the mid-seventeenth century in the triangular region that extends from the Atlantic coast to the Malebo Pool which presently is in the cities of Brazzaville and Kinshasa, from the Congo (formerly Zaire), River northwards toward the Kwile-Niari River (Janzen, 1982). The Mpumbu market that is located on the hilltop and overlooks the Malebo Pool was the most western end point of the Riverian trade network (Janzen, 1982). The vast trade network covered the Congo basin (Martin, 1972). Westwards, the rapids... on the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Congo for FREE!

Contact Us