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United Nation Peacekeeping in Africa After the Cold War - Book Report/Review Example

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The author examines the research "Africa in International Politics: External Involvement on the Continent" by Ian Taylor and Paul Williams which investigates in the ways how UNO operated in Mozambique, Angola, Somalia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Congo…
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United Nation Peacekeeping in Africa After the Cold War
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Download file to see previous pages The efforts being made to bring peace were promising as out of a total of forty-two major projects created; seventeen of them were directed towards Africa (Taylor and Williams 195). However, success alone does not lie on the number of projects created and recent history shows some of the factors like acceptance of electoral results by all the parties involved and creating a strategy to handle the troublemakers in the area contributed more towards prosperity in African lands (Taylor and Williams 196).
Some other factors like maximizing the use of economic resources and getting help from the regional players plus the army and security forces of the troubled nation were also crucial. There was a much more realistic chance to attain and maintain peace if all of the parties cooperated and worked for it (Taylor and Williams 196).
In Mozambique, the situation was quite different. The government was in a direct war with rebels in the country that had resulted in thousands of killings from both sides. They were unable to sit and discuss the situation until meetings were arranged in foreign lands. UNO intervened and made the President of Mozambique sign a contract with the rebel groups that would result in elections within one year. The UN mission in Mozambique began in 1992 and consisted of 7,000 military and staff officials. It cost more than $1 million every day (Taylor and Williams 198).
The rebels broke the ceasefire and captured some towns. Dhlakama, the leader of the rebel group RENAMO, failed to cooperate with the UNO and boycotted the elections. He complained he was not receiving enough funds (Taylor and Williams 199). In regards to Angola, the UNO intervened again and in 1988 made Cuba sign a peace treaty with Angola. The peace treaty would see the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola among many other things (Taylor and Williams 199). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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