Several social service groups are now working to help address problems caused by complicated personal, as well as systemic issues. Social work is indeed one profession, which continues to strengthen, support, advocates and also develop theories aligned to the needs of vulnerable people…
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Lewin's field theory (1951) states that, behavior may be derived from overall coexisting factors. The so called "coexisting facts" create a dynamic field which can be referred to as any component of the field that depends on each other's part. It further indicates that the behavior of an individual relies on the present field and not on the past or its future. Note that this theory seemed contrasting to the theory of associationism as well as belief of theology. Theory of associationism stipulates that, the past is basically the cause of behavior, while belief of theology states that, the cause of behavior is the future. The field referred to in Lewin's theory is the life space that consists of the person with his or her psychological environment. Life space can also be the places where the person have been to or will still be going, his or her feelings to the said place, the events and people exiting in the said place/s. On the other hand, Lewin's theory
of change explains that, the entire process in terms of facilitating as well as its associated hindering factors that individual or group encounters can consequently bring change. Together with this process the organization will enable to meet human anxieties, create the new equilibrium supporting the change. Like in social works or services, several changes may be carried upon, and there is expected resistance because of certain unknown fears. Fears about coping up of their roles and responsibilities, persons promoting the changes, or perhaps, fear about the technology that the change can bring about.
Another theory from Festinger (1957) is called cognitive dissonance. Cognitive dissonance is focused on the relationships among cognitions. Cognition may be considered as a piece of knowledge. In the same way, knowledge may be considered as n emotion, an attitude, a behavior, a value, etc. Festinger theorized that, individuals are motivated by the unpleasant condition of dissonance to get involve in psychological work, so as to decrease the inconsistency; this work will basically support the cognition at most resistant to change. Individuals have multitude of cognitions and these cognitions shape consonant, irrelevant, or dissonant connections with one another. Dissonance can be experienced as something uncomfortable. Individuals are motivated to decrease dissonance that is experienced by changing cognitions, or by adding cognitions or changing the relevance of the cognitions. In most cases, the relationship of attitude and the amount of justification that is provided to get involve with the attitude-discrepant behavior is inversely proportional.
Chapanis and Chapanis (1964) criticized that, experiments along with the theory, presented some methodological ambiguities. The statements of Chapanis and Chapanis as well as Rosenberg resulted to more experiments which were carefully designed, elicited more consistent evidences with dissonance theory (Silverman, 1964; Linder et al., 1967). Cognitive dissonance theory could have facilitated in the generation of program that might have changed attitudes. Induced compliance results to attitude change as an opposite function of justification. It was able to prove that money is not the only reason or justification that
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(Social Psychology Master Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Social Psychology Master Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1518758-social-psychology-master-essay.
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that with academic backgrounds in law and business, contemporary applications practiced in one’s current employment opened increased awareness of the need to delve into gaining in-depth understanding on the interconnectedness of global organizations.
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Essentially therapy is aimed at getting patients to interpret what they are facing today rather than childhood experiences. CBT makes the patient learn self help skills, which are practiced in 'homework' that helps in changing the way a patient thinks and feels, presently.
This quote, when referring to humans, clearly shows the underpinning ideology in our societies. All humans have equal rights however due to their status in the society, they enjoy more liberties than those with lower status. Although these rights may not be discriminatory, inborn prejudices cause some humans to discriminate during their day to day work.
Another word that is synonymous to memory tool is mnemonic. The article titled Memory Techniques (n.d.) from the website Mind Tools states that, "Mnemonics are methods for remembering information that is otherwise quite difficult to recall. A very simple example is the '30 days hath September' rhyme.
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One of the key issues that social exclusion causes is because it is in contradiction to the right to equal opportunity. Those suffering from such a social condition are not just limited from opportunities though they have the needed qualifications; they can also be prevented from attaining the qualifications needed in the first place.
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This does seem intuitively correct and our daily experiences seem to justify it. An example would be opening of the mail. A glance at the envelope would all most people would require to figure out that it is from the credit card company and most likely a bill.
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