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Individualism and Freedom - Essay Example

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The society and cultural values and norms influences both personal and professional decision making. To further explain this, some following issues about culture and cultural values should be discussed. Every individual is a member of a "social system."(Spindler: 1963) The social system refers to the ordering of people into the hierarchy and roles such as position of authority and in kinship categories, the interaction occurring between people occupying these positions, the alignment of groups in equivalent, there is superior and subordinate, positions of power, prestige, responsibility and the structuring of activities by economic and subsistence needs…
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Individualism and Freedom
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Individualism and Freedom

Download file to see previous pages... Specific cultural directives for behavior as implemented through roles connected with statuses ordered by the social system and thematic orientations and values as merging into the area normally designated as "personality structure." Personality structure is the organization of emotional and intellectual; resources characteristic of individuals. Although it is not fixed or stable under certain conditions, personality structure is very dynamic. A person always undergoes changes in everyday life as a result of internal and external factors. There is a socio-cultural continuity that each individual should maintain and this socio-cultural activity demands an individual to interact with other members of the society in order to show continuity. When socio-cultural conditions change the individual struggles to adapt to these conditions and in so doing the organization of his emotional and intellectual; resources changes. The individual struggles to adapt to conditions whenever socio-cultural conditions change. ...
This process develops interaction with people such as parents, teachers and peers as cultural agents who are carrying out roles provided by the social system and cultural patterning of their group. These modifies the role of constant adjustments to various situations and as they are interpreted by the individual cultural agent. For example, a developing child encountering these agents identifies with particular persons and specific roles, as perceived through his experience. The child internalizes certain directives structured into these roles and merely acknowledges others. Depending upon the

The role of relationship exists between the individual and these cultural agents. The individual reacts to the directives both as he/ her encounters them and after these directives are internalized. This frequently happens at a "pre-conscious" or "sub verbal" level of interaction within the individual's psyche. Each reaction is responses to the behavior that the individual perceives in others are the material out of which his personality structure develops. The individual personality is therefore a dynamic and sometimes delicate to equilibrium of forces. Dramatic changes are sometimes possible in this organization because changed conditions call latent forces in the personality. The personality equilibrium is dependent to a large extent upon the kinds and intensity of conflicts in directives to culturally patterned directives is interpreted by the cultural agent's encounters.
The "modal" personality is that organization of emotional and intellectual resources created out of the process of encounter. (Spindler: 1963) The features of this organization that are most relevant and most functional in the specific ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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