Nobody downloaded yet

The Theory of Conflict - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The author of this essay "The Theory of Conflict" provides some theories which describe the origin of a conflict. According to the text, conflict theory is probably one of those which have remained intact in spite of the fact that its perspectives are gradually becoming out of date. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
The Theory of Conflict
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Theory of Conflict"

Download file to see previous pages As Collins (1974) writes, "the level of interpersonal interaction is all-inclusive; by the same token, it is highly abstract. To reduce its myriad complexities to causal order requires theory on another level of analysis. The most fruitful tradition of the explanatory theory is the conflict tradition, running from Machiavelli and Hobbes to Marx and Weber" (Collins, 1974, p.56). It needs to be noted that conflict approach should be viewed in two interrelated contexts: the authors' contemporary settings as well as the modern stage of sociopolitical development (ibid).
Hobbes and Machiavelli were the first apologists of conflict theory, but their studies were directed rather to political dynamic enhancement than to certain social issues. Human behavior was explained in sense of their mercantile nature and materialistic interests (ibid; Coser, 1977), so the main precondition for conflict approach was the assumption that individuals struggle for commodities and defend their interests in the most desperate way. Threat and violence breed nothing, but additional cruelty as well as the institutionalization and legalization of social and political intimidation (Aron, 1965). (Individuals' behavior is explained in terms of their self-interests in a material world of threat and violence. Furthermore, social order was founded primarily on coercion, organized by governments and aimed at oppressing certain social classes in favor of narrow circles. Machiavelli added into the study another component, which was an ideology, an artificial control method: in the realms of belief and devotion (associated with law or religion), and in the secret world of struggle over influence, virtues, concepts and mores do not precede interaction, but are introduced as socially created doctrine that serves the interests of certain factions.
Marx (1818-1883) was probably the main contributor to conflict perspective, as he concretized the earlier studies and Hobbes' scientific inquiries in order to add more specific factors determining the lines of division among clashing interests. Furthermore, the social scientist pointed to material and economic circumstances which activate particular interest manifestation. In addition, his theory of economic evolution became a sociological framework for several generations, since it precisely indicated the wheels that facilitated the achievement of political goals: market regulation, commodity and consumption culture creation and the low satisfaction of basic needs (in the majorities). Nevertheless, I would like to narrow my focus on Marx's sociological views, which could be explained as follows.
First of all, "historically, particular forms of property (slavery, feudal landholding, capital) are upheld by the coercive power of the state; hence classes formed by property divisions (slaves and slave-owners, serfs and lords, capitalists and workers) are the opposing agents in the struggle for political power the underpinning of their means of livelihood" (Marx and Engels, 1930, p.48). Secondly, financial contributions establish the degree to which social groups are entitled to arrange their 'interest struggle', such mobilizing conditions constitute an array of interrelated variables between class and political influence. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Theory of Conflict Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Theory of Conflict Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“The Theory of Conflict Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Theory of Conflict

Structural Theory of Conflict

...April 15, Structural Theory of Conflict Sociological perspectives can be broadly divided into two main branches: structuralists or positivists and interpretivists. The structuralists include the functionalists and the conflict perspectives relating to the theories of Karl Marx. Marxism has been extremely influential amongst the perspectives in sociology especial where criminology is concerned. In criminology Marxist explanations have shifted slightly from the traditional Marxist approach to much more thinned-down approach. Marxist traditional approach is commonly referred to as left idealism by critics because it was considered more ideal and less practical. However,...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Conflict Resolution Theory

...?Conflict Resolution Theory In conflict resolution, preconceived notions, also called the natural cognitive sorting processes, are the stimuli that unwittingly foment war. By taking a look at individual and intergroup relations, one can better grasp conflict resolution as a way of mediation which may lessen the probabilities of the outbreak of political violence. This essay takes a close examination at the effect of individual level models of change to inspire change at the social level. The scalping up process from individual treatment to social has its strengths and weakness. Controlled communication, sensitivity training, Freud’s hydraulic model, complex mirroring and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Conflict theory and Education

...? Conflict theory and Education Grade (10th, April. Conflict theory and Education Conflict theory is a form of social theory, which upholds the fundamental perspective that human behavior within a social context will always arise as a result of conflicts between competing groups (Marx, 1971). The basis of this theory is the observation that; different social classes within a society have differing amounts of material and non-material resources, which allow the ones with access to resources to exploit those ones without the access. The theory was developed by Karl Marx in...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Sociology conflict theory

...CONFLICT THEORY INTRODUCTION: We have seen many theories of society that will help explain to us why some people act this way or that way. These many theories try to explain why person is sad or mad or glad or a just a plain old dad. BODY Conflict theory was spread like wildfire in Germany by Ralf Dahrendorf. in the United Kingdom by Max Gluckman and John Rex and in the United States by Lewis A. Coser and Randall Collins. Conflict theory(Rahim, 1990) shows us that the society or organization functions so that each individual member of the group and the groups themselves fight a day to day...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Conflict theory report, sociology

... Conflict Theory Marx Bourgeoisie and Proletarians The Bourgeoisie and Proletarians are two groups ofindividuals in society where the Bourgeoisie completely control the means of productions of goods and services in society and the Proletarians are more or less dependent on them for their livelihood. This control is created through machinery, the division of labor and the meager wages given to the workers. However, even though the Bourgeoisie are controlling the Proletarians, they still depend on the Proletarians for normal and efficient functioning of society. Sociology of Knowledge Knowledge, like individuals is split into classes where a set of information and ideas is retained by the Bourgeoisie while other ideas are passed... or the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Functionalism and Conflict Theory

...Functionalism and Conflict Theory Wilma’s behavior with her family may be a result of functionalism as well as conflict theory. There are many aspects to structural functionalism and it has developed into an explanation that is used by many people even today. An example of functionalism at work is if a person has a way of thinking or behaviors that are false or negative, the functionalist can help them become a better person by countering these assumptions with positive and helpful ones. “Structural functionalism views society as a functionally integrated system that holds an equilibrium, while conflict theory emphasizes a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Structural Functional Theory & Conflict Theory

...Structural Functional Theory & Conflict Theory Structural functional theory is a theory used to simply the functionality of society as a complex system. This complex system works best in order to promote a foundation that is stable and has solidarity. Conflict theory is a social science that points out the social, political and other certain factors of a certain group (Johnson, 2008). Conflict theories intrinsically criticize the social system, pointing out the general contrast in ideologies. The two have different methods of explaining the stereotyping, deviance, and ethnocentrism of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Conflict theory and functionalism

...Final Examination Essay Question Final Examination Essay Question There are several differences between conflict theory and functionalism concerning religion. Whereas conflict theory views religion as an agent of oppression, functionalism looks at religion as a contributing factor to the continuation and health of the society. The basis of the conflict theory’s argument that religion is an agent of oppression is its assumption that religion diverts the attention of people from oppressive situations to supernatural powers where they find false consolation (Blasi, 2011). The thing that underpins the functionalist view of religion as a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Conflict theory

...Conflict Theory Reflection Conflict Theory Reflection Conflict theories have played a significant role in the filed of sociology. The theories have been used to explain society existence and well-being. In fact, the underlying theme of conflict in these theories is seen as a way of social life and natural processes in the society. Conflict is also seen as a way of bringing change to the society. A reflection on conflict theories helps in understanding their application in society values. After reading the chapter on...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Conflict Theory

...CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY No: CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY Explain Conflict Theory. How can this theory be used to explain white-collar crime? How does Conflict Theory differ fundamentally from the Chicago School? After reading Chapter 5 of Kozol’s Fire in the Ashes, use conflict theory; explain how the social and political environment may have influenced Alice Washington’s life. How might her well-being and care have been different had she come from a middle or upper class background? Conflict theory can be described as people in a society are distributed in...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Theory of Conflict for FREE!

Contact Us