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Penitentiary system US - Essay Example

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The US has the highest rate of prison population in the world. About one in three-hundred people in the United States is currently imprisoned. The basis of modern penitentiary system is Puritan philosophy, which believes that isolation results repentance.
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Penitentiary system US

Download file to see previous pages... This model is quite a new approach to reentry practice and policy to the extent of the processing of a criminal case. We consider reentry planning ideally being included into activities taking place at six points during the pendency of a criminal case:
Traditional model of reentry is inefficient nowadays, as little attention is paid to this problem. To develop a more rational and holistic approach, reentry is proposed to be defined as a process, which begins at arrest. "Conceptualized in this way, reentry is redefined as the process and experience that begins at arrest and continues through community reintegration, including release from jail during pretrial proceedings, release at the time of sentencing, or release after service of the sentence. Reentry encompasses the evaluation, planning, and programming conducted, and support services implemented, to prepare and assist people who are or were previously incarcerated, to return safely to the community and to reintegrate as a law-abiding citizens"1. Planning at the initial phase provides successful reentry and reintegration into community.
Reintegration is one of key parts of this model. Reintegration means rehabilitation or re-socialization of individual. All traditional objectives of sentencing remain, but they are viewed within the context of reintegration, which allows applying more individualistic approach to each defendant.
The concept of reentry and reintegration is to be transformed in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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