The belief that correctional intervention should reform rather than punish offenders dates back to the institutionalization of the penitentiary system in the United States in early the 1800s (de Beaumont and de Tocqueville 379). Suggestively, “penitentiary facilities” were…
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aric forms of punishments that included public flogging pillory, others argue of a sinister plot by the bourgeoisie (political and economic elites) to institutionalize a disciplinary system that shields them from the radical poor and transform them [the poor] into submissive, productive workers (Colvin 46-49). Regardless of the unclear background of the modern prison system, correctional interventions have a lengthy history of a justified objective to reform criminal mindsets as a preserve of virtuous control.
The question of how the society should deal with lawbreakers seems simple but often defies simple responses. Ostensibly adopted for decades as a possible escape route, the contentious rehabilitation efforts continue to generate much heat with critics raising their pessimism over the bar with “nothing works” overtones (Cullen and Gendreau 121). Indeed, the calls for a total purge of a trend described by a section of academics as “penal harm” have gained a sizable support; sizable enough to influence the direction of conservative correctional policy in the 1970s (Blumstein 353). In their proposals, punitive “get tough” policies were the only sure way of restoring “sensibility” about crime (Lipsey and Cullen 299). Notably, a collateral theme couched by the conservative critics on the nearly two century old rehabilitative system is the principle of “doing good” for offenders, who arguably maintains status quo at the end of the usually fixed jail terms. Sandwiched in between the arguments is the utilitarian effect of reform ideals of improving public safety. Accordingly, offenders’ rehabilitation was/is just but “a noble lie that serves best to encourage coercion behind a mask of benevolence” (Cullen and Gendreau 114). In a research review that evaluated 231programs adopted in rehabilitation efforts, Martinson and his colleagues Lipton and Wilks conclusively found out that the reform efforts on incarcerated offenders has “no
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This term paper intends to review sexual offender laws in general and sexual offences regulations of State of Georgia in particular. A sex offender is a person who has been criminally charged and convicted of, or has pled guilty to or pled Nolo contendere to a sex crime. A sex crime can but does not always include sexual intercourse.
These entities, including police, prosecutors, courts and corrections, face challenges as they work together. Definition Criminal justice system is defined as encompassing activities and agencies that carry out the prevention, prosecution and defense of offenses.
A criminal act is a social disease in all its varied forms that sabotages the security of all individuals (The Lifers Public Safety Steering Committee of the State Correctional Institutions, 2004). Crime in any form is an aspect that drives disorder and disorganization in a particular society because of the challenges and dangers it present to people.
There has been a 605% increase of violent crimes in U.S.A alone since 1953. Americans view violence and crime as the most significant issue being witnessed in U.S.A. A good criminal justice system helps to maintain law and order of a country under control.
It is interesting to determine whether prior language processing and similarity in syntactic structure influences sentence comprehension in people. The task of understanding the influence of prior language processing and similarity in syntactic structure influences sentence comprehension in people is undertaken in two articles; priming prepositional-phrase attachment during comprehension by Branigan, Pickering, and McLean (2005) and lexically independent priming in online sentence comprehension by Traxler (2008).
The sole purpose for sending a person to jail or prison is to punish them for an offense against the state. Prison has become a place in which multiple goals of society have become rolled into an ineffective social construction. Prison or jail is solely about the offender and has nothing to do with any other aspect of the proceeding.
Children in their early teenage years commit crimes without their knowledge as they go through their challenging adolescent stage. This is normally motivated by peer pressure whereby the deviant teenagers lure their friends to commit crimes in the name of having thrilling fun in their neighborhoods.
She lived in a mud hut with no windows with her parents and 11 siblings. The later were subjected to inhumane living conditions including spending nights on the bare floor with a fire nearby to help keep