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Can terrorism be described as organized crime - Essay Example

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The last decades of XX and the beginning of XXI centuries are marked in the majority of the world countries by the increasing wave of acts of terrorism and the transnational organized crime. In any forms of their representation all of them threaten safety of citizens from many states, entail essential negative political, economic and moral consequences, render strong psychological influence on the large number of people, and take away the lives of the increasing number of innocent peace citizens.
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Can terrorism be described as organized crime
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Can terrorism be described as organized crime

Download file to see previous pages... The essence of an affair is that the nature of modern terrorism is poorly studied. Attempts of its revealing change from the full justification of its essence up to the unappealable condemnation from the positions of morals and right: that one calls "struggle of people for the freedom", "national-liberation movement", "revolutionary front", others call it terrorism getting character of the open opposition to the state and a society. (1)
Terrorism and the organized crime act as extreme forms of social pathology and render decisive influence on the formation of a public opinion about the state of struggle against criminality. The set of articles and monographs, scientific and practical conferences are devoted to the problems of terrorism and organized crime. The technology of studying and character of recommendations testify that more often the terrorism and the organized crime are considered to be two independent problems demanding the application in struggle against them of the interdependent, but special means. Organized crime like terrorism is characterized first of all by the committing of more awful crimes representing raised public danger and being an obvious challenge to the society. (5)
The criminal organizations use the terror with the purpose of creation of more favorable conditions for criminal enterprises activity. Their actions are directed against a concrete politics in the field of legality maintenance instead of against existing power structures the most part of which is already corrupt. Therefore terrorist groups pursue the political goals directed on a change of usual position at a state or an international level. (2)
Terrorist groups participate in the realization of criminal activity (drug, weapon traffic), with the purpose of getting the means necessary for more effective performance of their political tasks.
Though the purposes and means of the criminal and terrorist organizations are completely various, now there is a tendency to their merge:
The characteristics of such tendency are:
1) Direct use of terror tactics by criminal organizations.
2) Readiness of the criminal organizations to establish direct communications with groups using tactics of mass violence for political purposes.
Actually such connection represents business mutual relation in which each party uses another for the achievement of its own purposes. As is well known, the basic components for initial accumulation of the criminal capital are the traffic in arms and drugs, prostitution. (3)
Practically all terrorist and extremist groupings participate in narcotic business for their activity financing.
For example, in Laos and Myanmar (Burma) up to 80 % of opium manufacture supervises so-called the Burmese communist party". The left ultras extremist groupings on Philippines provide financial arrivals due to its cultivation and selling to cartels.
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