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Current Concept of Organized Crime - Literature review Example

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The paper “Current Concept of Organized Crime” argues that today organized crime hardly can get a clear-cut universal definition because such offenders often act and have the same goals as the terrorists, and vice versa, while legitimate law-abiding companies sometimes behave as organized crime.
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Current Concept of Organized Crime
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Download file to see previous pages This paper argues that organized crime has eluded accurate and clear-cut definition through the years because the problem is in a perpetual state of flux, such that certain characteristics or behaviors of criminal gangs today may be abandoned tomorrow.   In fact, the very structure attributed to a criminal organization can change without notice, which explains why the existing definitions of organized crime are the continuing objects of debate in criminology circles.
Criminology, according to its textbook definition, is the scientific study of crime, penal treatment, and the behavior of criminals and convicts.    This suggests that the end goal of such a study is to find out how the criminal mind works so that crimes can be prevented and criminals are given the appropriate treatment or penalty.   The same objective should underpin efforts to deal with organized crime, but the problem in this sub-discipline of criminology is that there is no universally accepted definition of organized crime.   Even in the US and Russia, which both grapple with the largest organized problems in the world, there is as yet no legal definition of organized crime (Finckenauer & Voronin, 2001).   Organized crime has existed for hundreds, even thousands of years, in some countries but unlike common crime, the characteristics of organized crime as defined is not present everywhere (Ibid).   
Organized crime is often called the “underworld,” referring to a group of criminals who run many illegal operations, including a sale of dangerous drugs and automobile stealing.  Based on standard definitions of organized crime, these groups amass illegal profits that are never taxed or recorded unless they are caught.   The organization is made up of criminals who conspire to carry out illegal acts and thus requires a degree of trust among its members.    Among the elements, organized crime supposedly uses to promote such trust is common ethnicity.   This definition cites examples of criminal organizations bound by ethnic ties such as the Italian, Latino, Irish, Asian, and Afro-American blacks in the US.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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