Gender Inequalities - Essay Example

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The focus of this paper is on the inequalities, real and perceived, between men and women in modern societies. The answers may seem counterintuitive, but this paper proposes the hypothesis that, although women today are treated less equally than men, women will widen their superiority to men in the future.
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Gender Inequalities
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Download file to see previous pages The data collected supports the thesis that women's' economic status is improving in both developed and developing modern economies.
In fact, the higher the income of the nation as a whole, the more equal the sexes are treated. The relationship between per-capita income and sexual equality may work in two ways: women added to the workforce equals a more productive nation overall, and as incomes rise, women are given better education, better laws and better protections under capitalist democratic rule.
There are a number of books and articles related to the desirability of women as employees in modern factories (Mitter, 1995) (Braverman, 1989) (Cockburn, 1985) (Gaeta, 1992) (Huws, 1991) (Hartmann, 1987) (Lebaube, 1991) (Marshall, 1994) (Mitter S. , 1986) (Economist Briefing, 2007) (At a Glance, 2007) (Finance & Economics, 2007) (Economics, 2007) (WEDE, 2004) (Sobhan, 2004) (China News, 2005) (Korpi, 2003) (Nyberg, 2001).
Women's employment is rising in all countries, from developing countries in the Third World to First World countries. Part of the reason for this is the greater number of chances given to women to earn an income. In poorer economies, the ability of women to perform "modern" jobs allows their families to improve their living standards. In wealthier economies, the ability of women to work is maintained by a social infrastructure which allows education, child care and health care which frees women to work.
In poorer countries where there is no social safety net, women may be required to stay at home, not just to take care of their children, but also their parents and in-laws. In countries where social security and welfare are available, a woman's parents and in-laws are more likely to have other options than to stay at a woman's home.
The higher the income per capita in the country, the more likely that women are to be employed. The reasoning is elliptical-if a greater percentage of women work in a country, there is more overall produced in an economy.
In Third World countries that are becoming manufacturing centers, such as Bangladesh, India and Mexico, women's employment is outstripping men's employment. The primary reasons appear to be that women have smaller hands, greater attention to detail, and are easier to work with in a group of employees.
As women's education level rises, so does their income. Conversely, in nations where women's education level remains low, so does the income level. As we move on a global basis to more knowledge-based work, education becomes a more important determinant of family and national income-thus, educating women improves the overall human capital of a country.
The advent of birth control and child care combine to improve women's relative power versus men, particularly in up-and-coming developing countries. This leads to social unrest, but does not seem to have abated despite the resentment of men whose social position has been diminished on a relative basis.
Analysis
Inequality can take place in two directions: although the more popular interpretation is that 'women are treated more poorly than men' may hold credence in some rich countries, the majority of women in poorer but rising countries may respond "Yes, but things ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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