Gender Inequalities in the Workplace Gender inequality can be simply referred to the disparity between individuals on the ground of gender differences. Gender inequality exists even in the modern world, as an important social issue visible in all areas of the society…
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This paper will examine different aspects of gender inequality in workplace and factors leading to this social issue. It will also make suggestions to improve the situation. The US education sector clearly indicates the dominance of women over men. To illustrate, currently US college students represent 42% women and 58% men. For the Harvard Class of 2009, nearly 55% of females were awarded honors degrees whereas only 51% males achieved it (“Gender inequality in the workplace”). According to the statistical data published in 2011, among the age group 25 to 29, 36% of women had a bachelor degree or other higher degrees while in the case of men it was only 28% (“Gender inequality in the workplace”). However, this woman dominance disappears while entering the job market. Official information shows that a woman is paid only 80 cents for every dollar earned by a man (“Gender inequality in the workplace”). Although women are more (or equally) qualified than men, in the real world, they fail to convert their educational qualification into success because of the extreme gender based discrimination prevailing in the society. According to Elizabeth Broderick, the Federal Sex Discrimination Commissioner, “there is no question that the gender pay gap is alive and well, particularly in the top ASX companies.” (qtd in Chun). ...
As Wright, Baxter and Gunn argue, “this underrepresentation of women in positions of authority……is not simply an instance of gender inequality; it is probably a significant cause of gender inequality” (407). It is generally misperceived that as compared to men, women cannot complete a job perfectly. Evidently, this misunderstanding is attributed to the fact that women are physically weaker than men. Similarly, statistical data indicate that women with higher educational qualification are more likely to get discriminated in the workplace. This trend is illustrated in the diagram1. The graph clearly indicates that women having a professional degree earn only 60% of what men with the same degree earn. Similarly, in order to get promotions to the next rank, women need to work longer time than men do. For instance, as per the National Center for Education Statistics, women working in teaching sector may be promoted to principal post only after three years of their appointment whereas their male counterparts do not need to work such a long period to achieve the same. It is argued that firms assign monotonous tasks to their women employees and deliberately keep them away from mentally demanding areas. While talking about the factors leading to gender inequality, one must consider the patriarchal system of family that has been prevailing in most of the countries ever from the beginning of human civilization. When father is given the primary position and respect in the family, the role of mother is often undermined despite the significance of her contribution in the family. Most of the religions maintain that woman must be inferior to man and their roles must be limited to giving birth to children and bringing them up. Those teaching are so solid even in the
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“Gender Inequalities in the Workplace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1445933-gender-inequalities-in-the-workplace.
The role of existing and potential women employees has been discussed and defined in an illustrative manner. Overall, the discussion sums up the importance of equality and nondiscrimination in setting up a positive social and business environment.
Consider, for example, the simple and oft quoted statistic on the gender pay gap. In Sweden women earn 17.1% less than men. In Germany they earn 23.2% less than men. These statistics from the European Union are also clearly defined by the EU, “The gender pay gap is the average difference between men’s and women’s hourly earnings within the economy as a whole.” (EC, 2011) Their meaning is less clear.
It should be noted that Annual World Economic Forum has analyzed statistics from 134 countries and a neutral external observer may surprise to see Canada’s position in this statistics. Canada is believed to be one of the most advanced societies in the world and even same sex marriage is legal there.
Nationality, on the other hand, influenced the absorption of employees in certain positions. American policies reserve much of the less technical jobs for the locals. The clamor for gender parity spearheaded by the feminist lobbies of the 1960s witnessed women beginning to join the employment pool in large numbers.
In a capitalist society, the employers try to take every possible measure to keep labour costs low. Labour law provides protection to labours from exploitation. In this process, there is a myriad of issues to be dealt with. One of the key issues is that of gender inequality.
The primary question in collecting data is: what is the changing economic status of women in modern societies Although one could research changing education levels, job advancement or even social welfare measures, economics dictates the status of most people in modern societies.
The web definition of Gender says “is a socially acquired characteristic, and includes psychological, social and cultural characteristics, such as ideas about "masculinity" and "femininity". There are gender stratifications in the working places, sexual harassment and many other ill-attitudes that are related to the subject matter.
Expanding the social dimensions of such settings, focus has also been rendered on assessing the linkage between gender inequalities and transnational care arrangements in association with a gendered care system in the modern era (Bernhard & et. al., 2008; Levitt &
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