Gender Inequality in Health Care - Research Paper Example

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Gender Inequalities in Health and Health Care Throughout the World Introduction There is a discrepancy in health and health care throughout the world, and this discrepancy is between genders. Women are more likely than men to have a variety of health issues, and the reason for this is diverse and differs throughout the world…
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Download file to see previous pages Finally, women are more likely to live in poverty than men, because of their overall lack of options for employment, compared to men. This factor alone tends to lead to health problems as well, while health problems often exacerbate the issues surrounding employment. The Research Regarding Gender Inequalities in Health Care Annandale and Hunt (2000) state that, historically, there has been a bias against women in the issue of health care. One of the reasons cited for this discrepancy is the fact that there were more studies done on men than women, and that these studies were supposed to extrapolate their findings to the women in the population. Annandale and Hunt (2000) further state that work inequalities often presage health care inequalities, so this was an issue throughout the years when women were relegated to more segregated employment that put them at a socioeconomic disadvantage to men. Moreover, their study recognizes that individuals with paid employment tend to have better health than individuals who do not have paid employment, and, since women tend towards less involvement with paid employment than do men, this is also a reason for the discrepancy in health care. ...
es include the fact that women are, in increasing numbers, working outside the home and becoming better educated, which, in turn, has led more women to get divorced or to remain single. This has implications for women’s health, because, according to Annandale and Hunt (2000), previously married people have poorer health than married people, as do single people. However, while married people tend to have better health than either divorced people or single people, the positive effect upon health is more pronounced in men than in women. The gender inequality in health and health care is more pronounced around the world than it is in the United States, according to Osmani and Sen (2003). For instance, they point to the subcontinent of South Asia, which includes India and Sri Lanka, in stating that women have unusually higher rates of mortality than do men. The reasons for this, according to these researchers, is that the women in these countries do not receive enough nutrition or health care to ensure their survival. They also note, quite rightly, that this disparity in health care not only affects women, in general, in these countries, but the children of these women, because women who are in ill-health tend to have maternal issues. This is particularly true when women are undernourished, as this will adversely affect her offspring. Osmani and Sen (2003) also interestingly contrast two different kinds of regimes. One of the regimes is known as the old regime, and that means that how people live and die are substantially different than the new regime. In the old regime, people tend to die young and of communicable diseases, such as dysentery. They also tend to be malnourished. This is seen in developing countries. In the new regime, which the Western world has ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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