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Slippery slope: This fallacy occurs because the arguers believes that if the first step is taken, it would lead to the last.
How can Clinton be leading this country! He's a draft-dodging, pot-smoking, womanizer!!
Attacking the person: In this fallacy, the arguer attacks the person instead of proving against him on the sound judgment.
Michael Jordan wore that brand, so those must to be the best basketball shoes.
Appeal to Authority: In this type of fallacy, the arguer tries to convince on the basis of an influential person and convince that the act is valid because that authority also does that act.
The difference in the outcome was Jefferson's missed field goal. If he had put it through, we'd be going to the Super Bowl.
Fact hypothesis: In this fallacy, the arguer tries to argue with an unreasonable degree of certainty.
Don't ignore the woman who gave you birth, raised you, loved you then, and loves you still. Remember your mom on Mother's Day.
Appeal to emotion: This is an emotional appeal rather than based on any solid reason
So what if I didn't claim all of the money I earned on my taxes Lots of people underreport their income.
Two wrongs make a right: The arguer is trying to prove a wrong argument on the basis of another wrong assumption
MATCHING LIST FOR FINAL
Each argument commits only one fallacy, and each fallacy is only used once.
Appeal to authority
Post hoc ergo propter hoc
Attacking the person
Black and white (slippery slope)
Appeal to emotion
PART I I: FINAL EXAM: ASSUMPTIONS & ARGUMENTS
1. How do assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking...
The paper discusses how do assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking. Assumptions relate to the process of critical thinking to the essentials of the logical argument comprising of validity, truth, and soundness. Critical thinking is the evidences of judgment and of methods which are applicable for problem solving and collecting ideas being intellectual or emotional. This kind of thinking and its practices; develops a reliable and proportionate evaluation which are related to the beliefs of us. Skepticism, dogmatism and reason over faiths are rational to the wish thinking. As per for the logical and empirical ideas and their acceptances are emotional and all reasons are separate. The paper contains the meaning of validity, truth, and soundness as they relate to the area of logical syllogisms.
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Writer’s Name Professor’s Name Course/subject Name 23 May 2011 Class and Virtue: Fallacies and Arguments After reading the article titled Class and Virtue from the book Signs of Life in the USA, one could recognize the problems and issues of stereotyping among individuals from different levels of social classes.
While these logical fallacies may hold rhetorical appeal for an audience, as they seem to rely on strong knowledge, upon further investigation they frequently demonstrate the propensity to which society is willing to accept erroneous assumptions. In investigating such forms of argument, this essay examines the implementation of five logical fallacies in the popular media.
I believe that within Western society, the emphasis on micro-political elements appears considerably less significant than in the divisive ‘Middle Eastern’ region. Indeed, the division between Western modes of gender analysis and Middle Eastern understandings is a critical interstice along which one cannot make ordinary one-to-one comparisons, but rather must implement a complex array of philosophical changes.
"The rise of a free and self-governing Iraq will deny terrorist a base of operation, discredit their narrow ideology and give momentum to reformers across the region." - President George W. Bush (Remarks by the President on Iraq and War on Terror, 2004)
It is evident how President Bush in his speech used words like "free and self-governing" to describe how Iraq will be like without regard that the country was then a war zone.
She will put the children in daycare. Shell have a 45-minute commute. The extra money will help Jim give up extra commitments. Economically, they will remain about the same but the burden will now be shared more fairly. She expects these changes will make the family
Formal fallacies violate a specified rule of the propositional calculus; for instance, modus ponens. This fallacy implies that better reasoning is required when deriving the conclusion. Informal fallacies are considered invalid due to