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One common source of fallacies is the media and this paper seeks to examine two exemplary and common fallacies from this source and illustrate how this source construes information to convince the audience.
This is a common fallacy that is committed over the television. Ignoratio elenchi directly translates to "irrelevant thesis", which in formal perspective refers to a negation that fails to concentrate on the central argument (Destiny 2008). As commonly seen in televised political debates between presidential candidates, the interviewer might ask one of the candidates how he can handle the rising unemployment rates should he or she become the president, then the candidate may answer “I am glad you asked, since unemployment is a major problem facing our country, however, my opponent’s strategy to handle this situation is entirely insufficient,” (Destiny 2008). As illustrated from this example, the presidential candidate completely negated the question.
This is a potent and a simple form of illogical fallacy. It occurs when an individual misinterprets the position held by the opponent (Destiny 2008). Such an argument was televised in the year 2001 when President George Bush assumed office he advocated for a new system of testing in schools, and then formed an argument that those opposing such a system were not interested in holding the schools responsible for their poor performance. On subjection to retrospection, such an assertion was not true, and it is dismissed on the basis that other political opponents had offered other adequate alternatives. After having studied logic, I explicitly understand how to distinguish between firmly grounded arguments that in essence have a basis from fallacious statements. Therefore, I do not think that I will be fooled by these fallacies. Presenters of fallacious arguments essentially construe information to appeal to the viewer, and as such they generally assume
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The color and size of the font are smaller compared to the image that generally consumed the whole advertisement. The figure of the Omega watch is strategically placed at the right side lower portion to provide balance and match to the slogans used.
Fallacies: Language Fallacy. The language fallacy states that more than half of the people on welfare has either an alcohol problem or a drug problem. Identifying the language fallacy, the statement “Unless the nation gears up to address substance abuse issues, welfare reform will be in serious trouble.” gives a false impression that welfare will be in serious trouble if the nation does not gear up to address or resolve the substance abuse issue.
This is a causal or false cause fallacy. The sequence of events, namely her “running around with that gay boy” and her getting “sick,” may not necessarily have a cause-and-effect link but may be independent of each other.
3. Though the
The premise of the Slipper Slope fallacy is that if step 1 happens, a person will be forced to go through all the steps until he reaches step 10, which is the last step. So if you dont want step 10 to happen, then step 1 should be prevented from
They are always common errors in writing which require support (Bazerman 27). This fallacy also entails generalization of ideas, and mostly it is used by politicians to gain support and favor of the public. There is also the fallacy of association otherwise
It offers structural analysis to develop transformational security programs that would be effective for corporations.
The advertisement is comprehensive and explains the reason cyber security is a concern to many organizations. However, the
Such fallacy is often used to convince and make a person accept one’s arguments with help of referring to the seemingly authoritative source that might be irrelevant from the opponent’s perspective. For instance, convincing the opponent that smoking in women is acceptable because Audrey Hepburn smoked implies such fallacy.
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