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It creates the notion that the public sector entities are knowledgeable on cyber security issues as compared to modern enterprises because of the period of service covered (over a decade). Appeal to belief is evident in that assumption because Microsoft attempts to rule out the viability of enterprises in tackling cyber security because they are modern organizations. The target market gets the impression that the ‘older’ company stands a better chance to handle cyber security issues. In addition, Microsoft claims that public sector entities have tackled multiple national and local threats; hence, stand a better chance to handle cyber security threats. Such an assumption indicates misleading vividness. Despite having the experience with cyber security concerns, Microsoft ought not to rule out modern enterprises in their attempt to handle such concerns. Modern enterprises can offer a lesson to the public sector entities regardless of their period of operation. In the advertisement, Microsoft employs an appeal to fear by claiming that tables may have turned when it comes to matters of security best practices. Such an assumption attempts to overrule the general belief that public sector entities can derive important lessons from modern enterprises. The target market gets the impression that though the modern enterprises offer valuable lessons to public sector entities, the public sector entities are invincible in matters of cyber security.
Logical fallacies exist in every research or argument. People utilize logical fallacies to satisfy their arguments; hence, establishing subjective arguments and judgments. However, it is important to be aware of logical fallacies. In the Microsoft advertisement, the company attempts to market its security services to the target market. With the increase in cyber security threats, individuals and organizations worry about the security of their databases and key technologies. Microsoft
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Issue: Abortion (Oppose)
Rhetorical Appeal: Appeal to Pathos: Thousands of helpless, innocent babies are slaughtered everyday.
Logical fallacy: Circular reasoning: Abortion is a wicked act because it causes many persons to become involved in immorality.
Fallacies: Language Fallacy. The language fallacy states that more than half of the people on welfare has either an alcohol problem or a drug problem. Identifying the language fallacy, the statement “Unless the nation gears up to address substance abuse issues, welfare reform will be in serious trouble.” gives a false impression that welfare will be in serious trouble if the nation does not gear up to address or resolve the substance abuse issue.
The argument is invalid because the authority is not qualified to provide a credible premise.
We often reference textbooks, research papers, and statistical data to make an appeal to authority. This is appropriate when the author is an expert in his field.
This is a causal or false cause fallacy. The sequence of events, namely her “running around with that gay boy” and her getting “sick,” may not necessarily have a cause-and-effect link but may be independent of each other.
3. Though the
arrangement or form of an argument while an informal fallacy arise when we have implicit expressions, and it essentially entails things such as; language misuse, misstatements of either fact or opinion, basic illogical sequences of reasoning, or misconceptions that arise because
The premise of the Slipper Slope fallacy is that if step 1 happens, a person will be forced to go through all the steps until he reaches step 10, which is the last step. So if you dont want step 10 to happen, then step 1 should be prevented from
They are always common errors in writing which require support (Bazerman 27). This fallacy also entails generalization of ideas, and mostly it is used by politicians to gain support and favor of the public. There is also the fallacy of association otherwise
Such fallacy is often used to convince and make a person accept one’s arguments with help of referring to the seemingly authoritative source that might be irrelevant from the opponent’s perspective. For instance, convincing the opponent that smoking in women is acceptable because Audrey Hepburn smoked implies such fallacy.
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