We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Federal Communications Commission/V-Chip and Parental Ratings System - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Rating and labeling systems originated in the world of film and have several purposes. Rating and labeling function, inter alia, to determine whether a film can be released at all and to inform parents and others for which groups a film was suitable. In some cases, film theatres are required to refuse admittance to a person because of the unsuitability of a film to that person's age.
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Federal Communications Commission/V-Chip and Parental Ratings System
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Federal Communications Commission/V-Chip and Parental Ratings System

Download file to see previous pages... For example, establishing a rating to determine whether a film should be released at all (or be played in theatres generally open to the public) has its correlative in the question of continued broadcaster responsibility: whether a given rating determines that a program cannot be shown; can only be shown after the appropriate watershed; or can only be shown on earmarked, encrypted, or subscriber channels. The study will return to this question when examining the relationship between rating and labeling systems and continued areas of broadcaster responsibility (Roth, 1996).
For television, a technical device may prove to be the desirable equivalent of the box office manager refusing admittance to minors. Theoretically (and it was subject to some manipulation), a rating or label was an instruction to the ticket seller to refuse entrance to persons for whom the film had been classified as inappropriate. Like the ticket seller, technical devices for parental choice act as a gatekeeper, with the capacity to determine, even if approximately, whether someone who wishes to gain access is qualified to do so.
The divined Golden Fleece of empowerment is a technical device that will allow a parent or guardian to control the television receiver so that programs deemed undesirable will not be accessible to a minor under their care. Obviously, a rating or labeling system alone, while beneficial, does not sufficiently empower modem parents who, for a variety of reasons, may not be in custody of the receiver at the time that a program decision is being made.
The V-chip, invented by a young Canadian engineer, Tim Collings, appeared to be the magic instrument for such parental empowerment. Originally, the V stood for viewer, as in viewer choice; later, it metamorphosed into V for violence, to mark the particular kind of undesirability that was the motivating reason for adoption and promotion of the technology. As the debate in Canada and the United States matured, the meaning of the V-chip was broadened to include its use in rating explicit sexual content as well as violent content (Paraschos & Paraschos 1997).
At any rate, the V-chip provided the internal mechanism that would allow a parent to act, in advance, on information that was embedded in the program. The technology promised to allow the parent to be an effective gatekeeper. The parent, using an instrument like a remote control, could direct the television receiver to block out programs that had particular triggering signals.
In 1997, in Canada, after a period of study and research in which the broadcast industry, other groups, and the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications Commission worked closely together, the V-chip and an accompanying labeling system was finally adopted (Action Group on Violence on Television 1997). In the United States, with the 1996 Telecommunications Act, Public Law 104-104, the Congress ordered that the V-chip or similar technology be installed in all receivers of a minimum screen size and urged the broadcasting industry to develop an accompanying rating system on pain of further federal intervention. In 1998, a self-regulatory system for labeling was found by the Federal ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
States' Rights v. Federal Supremacy
Allied to the conflicting ideas from the Northern and Southern States, the Nullification debate served to highlight that certain points of view were unable ever to be reconciled, and that war between the North and South was, in fact, inevitable. The South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification stated that the Tariff of 1828 “exceeded its just powers … and … the true meaning and intent of the Constitution” (Calhoun, 1832).
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
State's Rights v. Federal Supremacy
In other words, the federal government is a creation of the states. The federal government derives its powers from the states. Calhoun was a zealous protector and advocate of state power and independence. Whenever the power of the individuals states are threatened by the exercise of the concurrent powers of the federal government, Calhoun is quick to its rescue.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The federal reserve system
In simple terms, the Federal Reserve came into being by enactment of the Congress. Consequently, the Congress has the obligation of overseeing the monetary policy and the Federal Reserve. This paper analyzes the importance of the Federal Reserve and strategy in stabilizing the economy of the country.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Federal Reserve system
The money supply which consists of the circulating currency and bank deposits needs to be controlled in order to balance the lending and borrowing capacity of the financial institutions. FED uses three tools to control the money supply: changing the reserve requirements, open market operations, and changing the discount rate (Tucker, 2010, pg.408).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Commission of the European Communities v. Italian Republic
Earlier, on 12 February 1997, the European Commission informed the Italian government that "it considered incompatible with Article 30 of the EC Treaty the prohibition on marketing cocoa and chocolate products containing vegetable fats other than cocoa butter under the name chocolate".
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
3G Communications System
According to Encarta World English Dictionary, 3G is defined as "a wireless communications technology designed to provide high-speed internet access and transmission of text, digitized voice, video and multimedia. ZD net defines 3G as "the current generation of data transmission capabilities over a cellular network in order to provide Internet access via smart cellphones.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Federal Reserve System
Monetary policy is the actions taken by the central bank to influence the availability and cost of money and credit to assist in promoting national economic goals. The Fed's monetary policy decisions affect the flow of money and credit in the economy. The Federal Reserve System includes the Federal Open Market Committee, the Board of Governors, and the Federal Reserve Bank Presidents.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Review paper Essay
Both of these steps are positive. Parents must assume responsibility for what their children are exposed to on the public airwaves, and the government has provided parents with some valuable tools. Nonetheless, it can be argued that these tools have not been properly publicized or explained to parents.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Federal Court System
Supreme Court normally functions based on the guidelines, passed by the Congress. Under normal circumstances, Supreme Court hears cases which were unresolved in trail courts, appellate courts and state courts. Most of the cases appear in
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc
He argues that during proceedings most individuals faced harassments to reveal their religion. He talks about how religious freedom is involved in the country.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Federal Communications Commission/V-Chip and Parental Ratings System for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us