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Social class and culture - Assignment Example

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In the paper “Social Class and Culture” the author analyzes different conclusions in respect of the culture of poverty concept but agrees that the culture of poverty does not exist. Although it related to smaller communities, it grew to become an accepted fact in the mainstream thinking…
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Social class and culture
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Social class and culture

Download file to see previous pages... These studies draw different conclusions in this respect but agree that the culture of poverty does not exist. Nevertheless, although the concept of culture of poverty related to smaller communities, it grew to become an accepted fact in the mainstream thinking. Indeed, this concept attracts various U.S. public policy makers and politicians. Notably, since its establishment, the premise of the culture of poverty never changed as the poor continue to share a consistent and observable culture (Gorski 1). The proponents of the culture of poverty disagree that this concept seeks to blame the poor for their poverty but celebrates the resilience and resourcefulness of the poor. As such, this concept is now an acceptable ideal in modern society. Lewis established 50 traits that define the culture of poverty, and categorized them into attitudes, values, character structure of the individual, nature of the family, nature of the slum community, and the relationship between culture and larger society. The culture of poverty accommodates people with a strong feeling of marginality, helplessness, and dependency; people with very little sense of history, not class conscious, and very sensitive, indeed, to status distinctions (Lewis 7). He further established that social participation is the dominant factor that defines the culture of poverty (Gajdosikiene 93). He then identified the variables that constitute social participation and include race, membership in voluntary associations, occupational prestige, age, marital status, religious affiliation, and urban or rural residency (Gajdosikiene 93). Positive adaptive mechanisms by the poor from the...
In fact, due to lack of formal and well-paying jobs, the poor adults have to do more than two jobs in a day for them to survive. Ultimately, the poor end up working more than the rich do. Notably, there are many critics of Lewis’ definition and interpretation of the culture of poverty. Specifically, various scholars criticize the culture of poverty explanation for the inter-generational transmission of poverty. Indeed, Lewis’ argument on the transmission of poverty was seemingly faulty in that the development of the concept of was poor (Gajdosikienë90). The concept faces much criticism, which leads to negative implications. As a result, many scholars are abandoning this concept especially with relation to the inter-generational transmission of poverty. This emanates from the fact that the concept seemingly blames the transmission of poverty to the poor (Gajdosikienë 91). Moreover, it presents a situation where the social class passes from one generation to another without any economic development, which is rarely true since individuals have the capacity to redeem themselves and improve their social class.Notably, many studies criticize the concept of culture of poverty and derive various assertions about poverty. More specifically, they agree that the culture of poverty does not exist and that there are differences in values and behaviors among poor people (Gorski 1). In the absence of a culture of poverty, we cannot certify the existence of inter-generational transmission of poverty. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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