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Outline and explain how Foucault questions previous histories of 'knowlegde '.Discuss in relation to criminology - Essay Example

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Running Head: FOUCAULT Foucault’s questioning of Previous Histories of 'Knowledge’ in relation to Criminology [Name of the Writer] [Name of the Institution] Foucault’s questioning of Previous Histories of 'Knowledge’ in relation to Criminology Michael Foucault, a French philosopher, is one of the most important philosophers during the late 20th century…
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Outline and explain how Foucault questions previous histories of knowlegde .Discuss in relation to criminology
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Outline and explain how Foucault questions previous histories of 'knowlegde '.Discuss in relation to criminology

Download file to see previous pages... Foucault is the most quoted intellectual in humanities, which indicates his successful career. Foucault’s first critique of past knowledge was the paper he published for his doctorate. In this paper, Foucault abolished the separation of madness and reason into two universal categories. He established that differences made between madness and sanity are due to creation of madness in the reasoning age. He criticized Rene Descartes work on meditation and accused him of doubting everything except his own rationality. Foucault thus accuses Descartes for excluding insanity in his meditation work. Foucault challenged the modern day philosophy, which involved questioning process and acceptance of knowledge of the time. Kant later on developed philosophy to entail critique of knowledge, which is the modern day philosophy. According to Kant, innovation involved maintaining the same level of critique to reveal the human limits of knowledge in addition to revealing the conditions for this critique. This way, human cognition features such as spatial characters of objects turned to be true. Foucault challenged this Kantian reasoning by suggesting asking of questions about objects that are necessary and might be contingent instead of the reverse propagated by Kant and other philosophers. According to Turner & Elliot (2001), Foucault’s form of questioning formed the basis of social sciences such as biology, sociology and psychology (p. 4). Foucault critique of philosophy undermines traditional philosophy belief of offering scientific truth on human sciences by proving philosophy basis on historical forces. Foucault therefore challenged the rigidity of philosophy. According to him, philosophy entails doing more than just maintaining the status quo (Turner& Elliott 2001, p. 121). Foucault was able to challenge established subjects like philosophy hence appealed to many intellectuals with his intellectual critique styles. Foucault wrote about ‘History of the Present’ that although seemed contradictory, was very critical. He emphasized history arguing that what is important today has some origins in the past. To him, history of the present provided an important space for critical thinking. He referred to history as archaeology in his early works but later on, he developed it into genealogy. Through his archaeological studies, Foucault recognized the changing structures of knowledge production through practices such as art, philosophy and sciences. He established that institution power when linked with knowledge form human subjects. These subjects expose humans to disciplinary standards. To Foucault, truth is historically formed hence there is no ageless truth. Foucault book on ‘The Order of Things’ was a bestseller in his native France. This was so despite the fact that this book was Foucault’s most complex book to read. This book was a study of the development of fields such as economics and linguistic during the 18th and 19th centuries. It was in this book that Foucault predicted the end of man. He argued that the arrangement of knowledge led to the formation of the subject man through discourse. This subject, man will then eventually erase from Earth. According to Calhoun, Gerteis & Moody (2012), Foucault challenged the use of archaeology as a way of historical analysis (p. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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