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For an action to be classified as crime it must be engagement in an activity that sways away from mores and standards of expected behavior accompanied by intentions of the errant which is mostly motivated by strict societal exceptions. In the analysis of social order, institutions within a given social setting and structures have defined social practices that maintain, conserve and enforce ways of interactions and behavior in order to reproduce those conditions that are capable of continually reproducing conditions essential for its own existence (Inderbitzin, Bates & Gainey, 2013). This implies that different institutions will have different definitions of crime and different mechanisms of control or course of action in case there is violation; the conditions affecting the changes and magnitude of committing these crimes and the form of legal or penal responses made by that institution. Juvenile delinquency on the other hand can be viewed as a classification of crime that is associated with young people that is, individuals younger than the statutory age of majority. This age will differ with countries and economies, social institutions and structures as the independence of expected behavior varies and depending with the nature and severity of the crime committed, juveniles can be tried or punished as adults. This paper will evaluate juvenile delinquency from a sociological perspective by use of theories and other sociological insights in a bid to understand various concepts of and offer solutions to this classification of crime since at this age control and management of behavior is paramount to curb regional and international crimes in now and in future. In human growth and development, there are transitional stages which are characterized by various psychological needs and wants and puberty, as the age bracket of our interest, has personal challenges that can promote development of crime and other violations of social order. For instance, in cognitive development, individuals’ at this age bracket are more abstract than egocentric enabling individual to reason and think in a wider perspective with which the executive functioning of thoughts and cognitive skills control and coordinate thoughts and behaviors. Sociological and behavioral studies suggest that thoughts, notions and perceptions developed at this stage of life significantly impact individual’s future life by shaping one’s character that plays a major role in personality formation. It is in this stage of social development that adolescents form personal identities with egocentrism influencing the self-conscious desire to feel important/ recognition in social groups and enjoy social acceptance (Nofziger, 2010). Theories suggest normalcy as part of development rather than formation but the cognitive process of change in both content of one’s thoughts and structure about one’s self makes it more of a formation and thus control and management of traits such as self-awareness and self-control will lead to wise decisions during the stage and in transition to adulthood. Researchers suggest two types of juvenile delinquency, repeat offender; defined as life-course-persistent offender who starts showing anti-social / aggressive behaviors in childhood to adolescence and continues to adulthood and specific offender also known as adolescence-limited offender whose anti-social and aggressive behaviors begins and ends during the adolescence period. For good parenting and societal nurturing, it is important for stakeholders to account for behavioral changes from childhood to later stages of development in a bid to evaluate
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Juvenile Delinquency is the anti-social offenses committed by people who are underage, which two adults is a crime (Binder, Geis and Bruce, 2001). Juvenile justice is the process of handling cases of juvenile delinquents in the court. The rise in anti-social behaviors has led youths to engage in juvenile offenses, in their adolescence.
Sociological Analysis of Juvenile Delinquency
Green Street Hooligans
Green Street Hooligans is a football drama film that shows hooliganism in football, in England. It was directed by Lexi Alexander starring Elijah woods and Hunnan Charlie. The green street elites, West Harm fight other football firms like Manchester United and Tottenham.
Therefore, the discussions on juvenile delinquency have assumed greater significance in countries like America. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has paved the way for many films too. The film, Lord of the Flies (1990), modelled upon the novel, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding takes the boys’ attitude towards delinquency.
The determination of the legal age could vary from one country to another. In most countries including the United States, the legal age is set at 18 years. Other countries place it at the age of 21 years. Past and recent statistics show a high incidence of juvenile delinquency in the United States.
The types of crimes that children commit have evolved over the decades and have become of critical importance in recent years with the increased prevalence of drugs and violence. In an effort to understand the special relationship that childhood crime has with our society, it's important to look at delinquency in the past as well as its current status.
Various research data depicts that family violence is the root cause of the prevalence of both officially reported and also for the unreported issues related to child abuse and neglect in USA. Apart from this, criminologists' endeavor to interpret the relationship between childhood abuse and criminality.
In United States, it has been a respected idea to treat the juveniles, who rape, rob and kill, differently. Macko pointed out that, “People who have become victims of these young felons are angry and are
Individuals are responsible for personal behavior, since they opt for crime rather than any other law-abiding courses of action. In addition, people are finally responsible to the whole community of which they form part of, so if such persons do
Following the incidence, prosecutors filed fitness claims so that he could be charged in an adult criminal court for an attempt to murder. The charge could have seen him serve a sentence of 15 years. However, after a lengthy discussion with his family, Shawn pleaded guilty to the charges so that the juvenile system could punish him.
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