Social work perspective within Mental health - Essay Example

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Social Work Perspective in Mental Health Name: Institution : Course: Tutor: Date: Social construct of mental health Mental illness has been identified as a socially constructed illness due to several reasons that have been brought forward, some of those reasons include the following; one is that mental illnesses are considered as socially undesirable behaviours…
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Download file to see previous pages Putting the mad people and those considered to have other mental challenges in these facilities was used as a tool for social control and maintaining order in the society since individuals were taken there to be moulded into individuals who could be accepted back into the community (Australian Association of Social Workers (AASW) 2008, p22). In the recent past the occurrence of ADHD has increased and what is considered as ‘normal’ in childhood behaviour is controlled by health experts such as psychiatrists and psychologists by defining what is socially acceptable and what is not socially acceptable. The terms that are associated with mental orders such as crazy, mad, mentally ill, mentally challenged, bonkers, coo-coo-bananas and demented are nowadays used as casual insults rather than medical terms. Models of mental health Individuals are characterized as mentally ill depending on two elements; one of the elements is feeling, which refers to the levels of psychic distress and pain that an individual with mental illnesses experience, the second element is the functionality, which refers to the capacity or lack of it to coordinate resources in a desired or adaptive way. Using these elements, there are four models of mental health that can be derived from them. The first model is the of mental health is the spiritual perspective; since long ago, the consciousness and normal behaviour of an individual has been linked with a supernatural powers, religious forces have explained that there are bad and good forces in the world. Suffering from mental health disorders has been associated with being possessed by the evil forces or falling out of favour with the good forces. This usually happens as a result of an individual committing sin or a morally wrong action. Using this model to treat mental health cases, social workers try to use the religious expectations in treating a client, this may involve them advising the client to maintain morality and avoid cases of sin, which may have caused the mental disturbances (Bailey, 2012, p91). The second model that can be used to explain mental health disorders is the moral character; the moral character perspective has mainly been adopted from the Greek philosophers; this perspective is based on the notion that the society expects an individual to develop certain virtues failure to which he is considered as having some mental challenges. For instance, a society expects that an individual should have virtues such as courage, honesty, integrity and fortitude among other virtues, therefore, if an individual lacks all or some of these virtues, he may be considered to have some mental health challenges. Approach to such a case among mental health social workers will mainly involve working with the client to develop the virtues that the society expects him to have, in addition, the social health workers may work with the family to avoid stigmatization of the individual, which may discourage him from attempting to develop the virtues (Renouf & Bland, 2005, p428). The third model of mental health ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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