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It is the belief of Marx that a struggle among social classes will engineer the change required (Marx, 2008).
According to Kirst Ashman, structural reasons are common causes of poverty, which fall under the economic and political systems. The economic factor of poverty occur where wages are low for the working class and not adequately fulfilling the survival needs of the workers, hence they remain under the poverty line. The movements of industrialists to North America where there are cheap production costs have also increased poverty because the availability of employment has decreased (Ashman, 2010).
The consequences of poverty are declining healthcare where most of the employment paying their workers poorly provides no healthcare policies. Insurance policies have forbidding costs that the lower class people cannot afford to raise. Nearly 15 per cent of citizens in the U.S. do not have health insurance cover. Poverty in families causes poor educational quality. It is a fact that the highest number of cases of people dropping out of school are from the poor class in the society. The poor are not as educated as the rich are. The housing conditions of the poor are also unaffordable since of them live in inferior housings. Their property owners neglect them. Many of the poor people cannot afford to pay their rent. According to the Marxist, a culmination of socialist revolution is to be expected.
Moshack, 2011, defines generalist practice as the application of diverse professional skills and roles in social work practice. The generalist practice is an ethical model based on a knowledge base, where social work is developed and based on values enhanced by social work (Ashman & Hull, 2007). Social workers utilize this practice to engage, advocate and educate clients. They work with both individuals and communities in various social work settings.
General practitioners involved in mental health have the obligation to view clients from the perspective of strength.
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It was during this time where it became understood that many problems associated with mental disorders were a product of biology. This, therefore, created a new type of treatment involving inherent factors in the patient. As the world become more sophisticated and knowledgeable about mental disorders, the Mental Health Act of 1983 set new limitations on the human treatment of patients and brought about a positive change with the use of a social worker who maintained the skills necessary to identify the root causes of mental disorders.
The means of judgement that are used to make diagnosis on most mental health disorders are not medically but socially and ethnically based which means that those that do not behave according to the social expectations of them are considered misfits. This idea has developed over a period of time with illnesses such as ‘madness’ being coined in the 19th century, in this period there was increase in hospitals and asylums that were dedicated to people suffering from mental complications; however, not only mad people were put I to these hospitals and asylums but everyone who was considered to be deviant .
This report presents a visionary perspective on the contribution of social work in mental health services. The visionary outlook is developed from an analysis of the current roles of social workers, as well as the changing opportunities available to the social work guided role play in the practice of community-based mental health service delivery.
In this paper I will discuss the statement that "The individual model of disability is so embedded in social work practice that in its current form the profession is unlikely to retain its current role of working with disabled people as citizens" Oliver and Sapey 2006 pg 189)
This is as a multidimensional system acknowledging the social, psychological and physical components, (including sense of belonging and a support network), promoting reflection on what it really means to be socially included. It is the maximum integration of people with mental health difficulties into the general community that entitles them to equal opportunities and responsibilities that are available in the society (Boutillier and Croucher, p 136).
ome of the statutory changes: Approved Social Workers (ASW) to be replaced by Approved Mental Health Practitioners (AMHP), accepting service user’s experience as a significant and valid testimony, understanding mental life with an emphasis on the future: coping, recovery and
to The American Mental Health Counselors Association or AMHCA (2009) is a recognized profession with national standards for training, education, and clinical practice. A licensed mental health counselor is expected to meet or exceed professional qualifications such as: Full
spite availability of effective treatment and mental health services, there is considerable inequality in terms of access to services even in different parts of the same country, and it has been observed that in contrast to other people who receive support, help, and treatment,