Researchers like Carolus Linnaeus have extensively researched the history of race in science also called scientific racism on and his research was expounded further by Johann Blumenbach Friedrich (Gupta 2007, p.26)…
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Mankind was classified in various natural varieties and through this classification; the professor was able to base his classification of races into five categories. The identified categories were Caucasian race, Mongolian race, Malayan race, American race, and Ethiopian race (Higgins 1995, p.62). The use of race in science was helpful in the study of general genetics and health, rights of reproduction, and even in the study of anthropology (Harris 2001, p.84). Research methods and research ethics The study of research methods and ethics is vital in the various projects, which require the researcher to draw research conclusions and findings. The use of research ethics equips the researcher with the numerous procedures and policies that will ensure the safety and the quality of the research outcomes. Ethics will also tend to redirect the researchers to shun from the various irresponsible and unaccepted presentation of the various research ideas as in the case of race science (Asseo et al 1997, p.201). This is because avoiding such practices will results into many questions for the researcher and the area of the research. A research is always considered as a public area of concern that should always have trustable conclusions and findings. Having mastered the policies of research ethics, the researcher is therefore, required to employ various techniques of collecting and formulating the research data. These techniques of formulation and collection of research data are called research methods. Proper application of research methods results into trustable research findings and conclusions. The research methods involve the various methodology and literature review that the researcher will employ in determination of the goals and objectives of the research. Lessons that can be withdrawn from history of race in science and research methods and ethics One of the lessons that can be learnt is that the applications of research methods and research ethics should follow some earlier development of issues related to the currently issue which is researched upon. Early developments in race in science were later expounded by Professor Johann from Germany in his classifications of the five human races. The early developments by Carolus Linnaeus acted as enlightenment in the development of human theories, which were later used to study the differences in human races (Barkan 1992, p.65). Apart from Linnaeus Carolus, some of early thinkers who also contributed to history of race in science were Voltaire, Charles Darwin, and David Hume. The early research works became the basis upon which the modern researches were based on. The second lesson that can be learnt is that the application of research methods and ethics should take a given structure to realize the objectives and goals of the research. Like in the case of history of race in science, the early researchers such as the taxonomists would take the race in science study in biological structure. They could study various variations in biological structure and relate that to the study of races. The taxonomists could use any familiar thing that was related to human race to study the various biological variations and the familiar things which were in use were beliefs, values, and attitudes found in different places of the world such as North America and other parts of Europe (Kurtz 2004, p.65). Third, the other lesson that can be learnt from the history of race in science and research methods and research ethics is the duration taken by the various research should not be an issue and the only issue should be completion of the research and achievement of goals and
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The question that arose was that of failed democracy whereby, colored races were enlisted to fight in a war that was based solely on getting freedom and justice for all yet they were discriminated by the very people they fought alongside.
Earlier researchers had used race in grouping and classifying human beings in the same manner that Charles Darwin made his studies on the species of animals. This has resulted to classification based on skin color and some observable physical characteristics.
One can easily identify that race and sports influence each other in one way or another. When unneeded importance is given to some races that dominate the domain of sports, there exists high possibility for the feeling of racialism and related issues. To be specific, racism in sports creates space to jealousy and hatred, which is totally against the primary aims of sports.
History and political science Name: Instructor: Task: Date: A number of historical theorists contributed significantly to understanding history. Such theories led to the establishment of several schools of thought. Each school utilized a different approach in interpreting key historical occurrences.
What Role Did Science Play In Nazi Attitudes To Race?
When Nazi Germany is mentioned, what comes to one’s mind are the Second World War and the Holocaust. The Holocaust brings to mind the murder of six million Jews and people of other races. What many fail to understand is how the Nazi’s comfortably massacred millions of people, merely because they belonged to a different human race.
A genetic factor that has in recent years become a subject of raging debate in education is 'intelligence quotient' (IQ). In an effort to give race a value for differentiating humans the use of intelligence tests has been introduced. In the United States, during World War I, the military conscripts were put through intelligence tests, which revealed that blacks were at an average 15 points below the level of whites.
A particular issue that has sparked controversy is the debate of the biological versus the cultural basis for African American dominance in high profile sports.
The history of African Americans in sports has been as rocky and fraught with racial discrimination issues as in most endeavors in which African Americans have been involved in.
e other topic that takes into consideration, the writer Hess and his described terms of technototemism, reconstruction and also finds his theories related to these terms. The essay also finds out the association between science and technology to other parts of society.
There may be only few primitive communities so small that no class strata exist in them, the social organization resting almost entirely on age, sex and kinship; but even here chieftain individual prowess and clan or family appropriately introduces an embryonic
Nevertheless, it must be noted that under certain circumstances, the society might feature oppression with regard to a part of its population. Thus, there are numerous examples when one particular group of people was able to
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