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Socialization ch.6 Q1) Explain Mead’s stages of development. Mead’s first stage of development of self underscores imitation as the primary way through which infants learn to behave. This is the preparatory stage. Infants mimic other people’s behaviors without understanding their meaning…
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Download file to see previous pages It is in the process of interacting with others that one develops the generalized other. Q2) What is the “looking glass self?” Why is it a necessary part of developing a self? Use an example in your answer. The looking-glass concept of self holds that an individual develops his or her sense of self from interaction with others and from the way others perceive him or her. We use people’s judgments to develop our sense of self. The mental ability of individual derives from their interaction with others. Children come to learn that crying can help them get other people’s attention and can make their caretakers provide them with what they need (Rosenberg and Ralph 151). An example of the application of looking-glass concept is in the creation of animations. Through modern technology, people have created animations that look like human beings that people can closely identify their race and other traits. Q3) Families are understood to be the primary agent of socialization. Explain how families socialize children.please give me 2 examples. The first should refer to a specific example of how families socialize us through behaviour. Your second example should refer to how changing family structure can socialize children. Families are very important for the social development of children, as they socialize them through words and actions. According to Swerdlow, Bridenthal, Kelly and Vine, “the words are important not only for what they say, but for who says them and how, and for whether or not they contradict the deed” (66). As humans interact, a lot of the socialization that takes place is spontaneous. As children observe the spontaneous behavior of some human interactions, they learn how to socialize through behavior. For example, by observing adults say please when making requests to show politeness, children learn to do the same as acts of politeness. Divorce and same sex marriages, which are common occurrences in today’s societies, affect both children and parents according to a variety of aspects. For example, “children in a step family have to form new relationships and accept new rules and new values, while still having to deal with the old relationships, rules and values” (Berns 110). Deviance ch.7 Q4) What is deviance? Explain, using an example how deviance is a social construction. Deviance is the behavior that violates societal rules and expectations. Different groups judge behaviors variously so that behavior can be deviant in one society and not in another. The responses of the larger group or society to behavior mark it as either deviant or otherwise. Understanding deviance requires an understanding of the reasons why people violate rules and how the society responds (Rosenberg and Ralph 190). It is the rules that society makes that create the possibility of deviance in the society. There would otherwise not be a measure to mark behaviors as deviant were it not for the presence of laws prohibiting them. For example, open expression of romance like in kissing, is extremely deviant among conservative societies while its largely accepted among most Western cultures. Q6) Explain how power and the self-fulfilling prophecy work with labeling theory? Use an example(s) in your answer. Labeling theory sets out from the premise that criminality is not intrinsic in behavior. It is those who are in positions of power who spell out what is criminal, and they formulate laws prohibiting such behaviors. This is what ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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