Nobody downloaded yet

The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This paper aims to critique a monograph by Ayala et al, titled Science, Evolution, and Creationism (National Academy of Sciences, 2008). The book may be retrieved from the official website of National academy of Sciences…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93% of users find it useful
The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion"

Download file to see previous pages The thesis statement of the book is as follows: evolutionary evidence is wholly compatible with religion postulates and religious faith. The authors’ purpose is to formulate arguments and present credible evidence that evolution is a scientific approach whereas creationism – not. Specifically, the authors aim to prove that evolution is the sole convincing scientific explanation of life diversity on our planet. Aimed at laymen rather than scientists, the book provides information to teachers and youngsters about the theory of evolution and arguments which are may be used as evidence of this theory’s credibility. Briefly, the book starts with discussion of the essence of science within the evolutionary context. It goes on with presentation of the evidence in favour of biological evolution. Then, the analysis of creationism is provided, which is followed by a short conclusion and additional materials. First, let us discuss the authors’ credentials and assess the relevance of their areas of expertise. The work on this monograph was coordinated among scientists and educators by Francisco Ayala from University of California, Irvine; a member of the National Academy of Sciences, American biologist well-known for his studies of evolutionary genetics and support of embryonic stem cell research. His field of scientific interest also includes criticism of the theories of intelligent design and creationism which he believes are neither real science nor theologically valid. Ayala’s main belief is that science aligns with belief in God (Lawton, 2010) Out of 15 authors listed as members of the committee on composing the book, 7 are members of the National Academy of Sciences. Hence, the scientific credentials of the head and other authors appear to be relevant. Now let us discuss the strong points of the book. One of the strong points of Science, Evolution, and Creationism is its reliance on recent research, which is used as a background for the authors’ claims. For instance, the picture of evolution is complemented by the account of Tiktaalik 2004 discovery in Canada2. That was a discovery of a 380-million-year-old creature, which is contemplated to be a sample of some intermediate form of a living being – between a fish and a land animal with four legs. Besides, the book contains the statements of the clergy who support the idea that evolution and religion are compatible3. Another point is the book’s logical flow and language that is easy to follow. This makes it accessible for non-scientific readers and keeps the overall discussion simple. However, critical review of the book exposes serious flaws that undermine its credibility. The most ambiguous thing is the use of the very term “evolution”. Judging by how Ayala et al apply the term evolution and by general explanations they provide, the meaning of “evolution” is that of a change in living organisms with time which leads to diversity4. Ayala et al do not provide a clear scientifically developed definition of evolution on the level which would definitely fit their discussion. Instead, it seems they prefer to leave it somewhat blurred. Indeed, if to perceive evolution as merely a change in living organisms with time, almost anyone would agree that evolution does take place since people today are almost all aware of pigmentation changes in certain races, as well as development of immunity to infections, etc. Therefore, instead of the term “evolution” so widely used by the book’s authors, it would be wiser to apply the term “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips With Science and Religion Essay)
“The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips With Science and Religion Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion

Science and Religion

...?The relationship between religion and science is a contentious issue, particularly among scientists and theologians, both of whom have an inherent interest in clarifying the role that their professions play in the world. It is an important distinction to make; however, it is even more important to define what the distinction applies to exactly. What are, for instance, the fundamental characteristics of science and how do those characteristics differ from those of religion? These kinds of central questions, dealing with both metaphysics and epistemology, are incredibly relevant to modern society, which is increasingly realizing the importance of science’s contributions to quality of life. Nevertheless, while progress in scientific... , the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Science and Religion

...that religion is a wrong method of interpreting happening since it relies on faith instead of reasoning (Harris 49). He wishes to accomplish a mission of informing people the antagonism that lies between religion and science. Religion calls people to believe in propositions without consideration application of reasoning. This is a misleading statement since religion is growing to be incompatible with both global and civil society due to these problems. Harris is calling for scientists not to keep silent but talk about ethics and spiritual experience. He hopes that his readers will understand the fact that we should not...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Science and Religion

...cases are lies. Conclusion Unraveling the ambiguity of the universe requires a deeper understanding of both science and religion. Science guides people in coming up with factual explanation of the universe whereas religion provides a spiritual understanding of the forces controlling the universe. It has been the desire of scientists to have knowledge of science and religion to explain the current changes in the cosmology. The confusion in the cotemporary society results from the conflict amid science religion. References McGrath, E. (2010)....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Science and Religion

...heavenly bodies in place and that sustains the existence of human lives on earth. List of References Block, D., (1991). For Heaven’s Sake: A Jewish Astronomer’s Odyssey. Retrieved April 18, 2013 from Butt, K., (2005). Rape and Evolution. Apologetics Press. Retrieved April 17, 2013 from Collins, F., (2007). Collins: Why this Scientist Believes in God? Retrieved 18, 2013 from Dyson, F., (2000). Science and Religion Can Work Together. American Physical Society Sites, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013 from...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Science and Religion

...Considerations about the Reconcileableness of Reason and Religion, Boyle enumerates in eight sections his thoughts on the Christian religion’s supposed harmony with science, and even in filling the void for things the latter could not explain. Although Boyle here writes as a theologian and not as a scientist, his arguments are laid out in such a procedural manner as though he were trying to prove or defend a notion using his very own experimental method. Each section highlights points that vindicate Christianity against the claim of being “repugnant to the principles of true natural philosophy,”2 occasionally aided by statements made by other philosophers, and even some...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Religion and Science

...Religion and Science Many occupations in traditional India were controlled by specific castes, and caste status might govern such details of everyday life as access to health care, among others. The Hindu caste system is a “division of society based on occupation and family lineage” (Jayaram, 2010, par. 7). Tradition acknowledged the caste system as based on birth and the practice of nontraditional forms of technological developments in science would have significant effects on those who could avail or offer their services depending on the social strata or the main castes recognized by the traditional Hindu society. According to Robinson (2010), the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Religion and Science, since it is limited on the idea that the universe in its entirety as a creation of God, cannot borrow other theories that in its explanation, and most importantly the evolution theory. Miller does not choose sides when it comes to understanding the universe in terms of religion and science. In the statement, he proves that it is not pragmatic or realistic to apply creation science as the ultimate explanation of events taking place on earth. Miller purports that, creation scientists, mislead in terms of applying the version of religious creation to help in understanding the universe. From the statement, Miller further points out...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Science and Religion Debate

...Science and religion William Craig arguments From the movie, Craig argues that religion is different from science because of the kalam cosmological contention. This is because God is the best clarification of the inception of the universe. In addition, due to the Borde Guth Vilenkin hypothesis upholds irrefutably the start of the universe, even if our universe is a piece of a multiverse, the multiverse itself might need to have an outright starting and speculative cosmologies attempt to test the Big Bang hypothesis, however none of them – regardless of the possibility that correct – can build that the past is everlasting (McGrath 34). Further, as backed philosopher...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Science and religion

... Science and Religion People with different levels of scientific expertise and faiths see no conflict at all between religion and science. They believe that these two institutions deal with the domains differently. Despite the declaration by some of the religious organizations that there should be no conflict between the two realms, some distinct differences and similarities exist. In analyzing the some of the texts by prominent writers, it is evident that the religious truths and scientific truths both conflict and coincide. The texts are Bastard out of Carolina, The Whale Rider and The Stoning of Soraya. Bastard out of Carolina-Dorothy Allison In this book, Allison perfects the art of fiction in her creative writing. She uses... difficult...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Religion, science and faith appreciate the fact that most of the truths to which we hold fast are really rather silly when examined closely as well as things we used to believe in. John’s gradual conversion from Christianity to Bokononism, the fictional religion created by Vonnegut, is at the heart of the novel. As he pursues the Hoenikkers across the globe, each time he comes to a realization that pushes him one step closer to a Bokononist outlook. Brave New World being a classical example of a dystopian novel revolves around the idea of totalitarianism and is set in a futuristic world where a combination of science and pleasure form a rather feudalistic society. I think this book is really...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Scientist and Society: Coming to Grips with Science and Religion for FREE!

Contact Us