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Historical Patterns of Opiate Abuse - Essay Example

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Pattern of Opioid Abuse in the Early 1900s, In the Middle 1900s, and In Recent Times Drug abuse has been associated with negative influence of the human behaviour in the society. However, not every type of drug use is considered to be an abuse…
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Download file to see previous pages The manner in which people use the drugs in relation to the amount, motive of use and time of use determines whether the drug has been abused or not. Even the most essential prescription drugs have been found to be abused by people, Opioids being an example. Addiction, which is a characteristic of increased dependency on a particular drug, is considered to the worst negative effect of drugs in the society. Of equal importance is the influence of other society members into using drugs, commonly associated with the young and referred to as peer pressure. Research reveals a trend of drug abuse that has taken shape over a number of years. With the passing time, a pattern has been drawn on the different trends in which people choose to abuse drugs. The manner in which a drug is used by the society determines the trend (Hart 12). Some drugs have been found to have had an increasing trend over time, while others have been found to be declining. Opioids which are painkillers have been found to have increasing abuse among the people in the society. I essence, the most important opioid in the abuse class include fentanyl, oxycontin, oxycodone and hydrocodone. Naturally occurring opium derivatives include the morphine, partially synthetic opioids include the heroine, oxycodone and the oxymorphone and the synthetic opioids which include the alfentanil, levorphanol, meperidine, methadone, codeine, propoxyphene and buprenorphine. Abuse signs of opium have been reported since the 16th century when Paracelsus, who was a European clinician, reported to having had difficulties in concentration and writing after trying to withdraw from the use of the drug. Obviously, the clinician had become addicted to the drug without knowing it. Various reports in the 19th century have showed an excessive use of opioids among the people then, in a period characterized by minimal drug use. However, in China, opium was found to have fetched numerous profits for people who smuggled it to the country (Booth Web). In Europe, confessions of people who depended on it on their everyday living were apparent. Cakes made of opium were auctioned to merchants in India, in the then British East India Company, making it a home consumed drug. The drug was legal in the Indian country and thus was openly and commonly used by the people of the Indian origin in big amounts. Motions that were aimed at ending the highly profitable business of opium in the territory were unsuccessful during the period between 1870 and 1893. However, the campaign was morally supported started from the year 1893, and the government chose to support the motion in 1906. In 1913, trading in opium trade was considered an illegal undertaking (Booth Web). According to Hart (312), opioids have since then been used for nontherapeutic purposes especially among the youth. This makes the highly important clinical drug to be abused as they use it to get high. Previously, the drug had been used for clinical purposes, where doctors required a drug that did not require injection to be administered to the patients. Reports indicate that in 1898, German companies undertook to market large quantities of opium. By this time, it was legal to use the drug, and thus, open advertising was done by companies that used to market it. Subsequently, it was tested by a Bayer researcher and found to have great medicinal values as it treated various respiratory ailments, especially bronchitis, asthma and tuberculosis. This prompted large scale production ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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