Chapter Three Research Methodology Introduction The purpose of this research is to investigate and understand the extent to which the high level of violent crime in the London Borough of Lambeth is due to poor relations between the police and young black men in this London Borough…
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Specifically, this research seeks to understand the experiences of these young black men with police in the context of the Lambeth community. Therefore in order to accomplish the purpose of this study and to understand the experiences of these young black men as a means of accomplishing the purpose of this study, a mixed method approach to the collection and analysis of data is taken. This chapter will explain the methodology used and the rationale for using this research methodology. Rationale for the Research Methodology The mixed method research design “involves combining” quantitative and qualitative data in a single research study (Leech & Onwuegbuzie, 2009, p. 266). In this regard, quantitative approaches allow for hypothesis testing. The hypothesis is derived from theories espoused in a review of literature which point to the issues that are under investigation. The theories espoused in the literature will point toward or suggest “causal relationships between specified variables” (Kuada, 2009, p. 103). For example, it is reported in the literature that there is a link between violent crime and a lack of confidence in the criminal justice system on the part of black communities(dailymail.co..uk). It is also suggested in the literature that since police are the most visible point of contact within the criminal justice system, their relationship with members of the public is entirely important to confidence building (Internetjournalofcriminology.com). Therefore in taking a quantitative approach to the collection and analysis of data, the researcher will look for variables capable of determining the relationship between black youth and police and the link between that relationship and confidence in the criminal justice system and the link between the level of confidence and the incidents of crime. Specifically, the researcher will attempt to look for factors determinative of the kind of attitudes toward and contact with police among young black males in Lambeth. The quantitative approach can usually involve the inferential approach which means the selection of a specific population sample for studying via questioning or observations to determine the specific traits and then infer that those traits are carried by the population (Kothari, 2008). The quantitative collection of data in this research study takes an inferential approach in that questionnaires will be distributed among a select population sample for the purpose of identifying variables and relationships between variables: attitudes toward police, confidence in police and thus an inference will be made with respect to how those variables influence criminal behaviour. Quantitative data also involves the collection of data that can be quantified and measured in terms of numerical or statistical ways (Kothari, 2008). Therefore the use of questionnaires will allow for the collection and analysis of numerical outcomes. According to Merriam (2009), a qualitative study has as its primary aim, a search for “meaning and understanding” (p. 39). In order to effectively search for meaning and understanding, the researcher will select a sample who is experiencing or has experienced the phenomenon under investigation (Merriam, 2009). In this regard, the phenomenon un
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This research aims to establish whether the high level of violent crimes in Lambeth is due to the poor relations between the police and young black men in Lambeth. This will give young black youths in Lambeth a voice and allow them to express their experiences, frustrations, and sense of bitter injustice concerning the police behavior.
24 Pages(6000 words)Dissertation
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