Individual Behavior - Essay Example

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“Whilst individuals may believe they choose their behavior, they do so within the limits set by their place and time”
Individuals are self-reflecting self-organizing and self-regulating organisms with a capability to respond to different environments at different times…
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Individual Behavior
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Download file to see previous pages However, people’s behaviors are contained within the limits of time and place. There have been constant reviews of genetic and environmental programs that affect individual cognitive personality and interests. Environment is thought to have significant psychopathologic influence on the choice of individual behavior (Austin et al 2004). However, research on choice of individual behavior indicates that besides genetic and environmental factors, time plays a substantive role. Time suggests possible solutions by associating certain behaviors with age and understanding the reason for occurrence of the behavior. The place or environment creates signals that can reward or discourage some behaviors (Stone 2004). This means the theory of behavior choice is intertwined with time and environmental factors. Learners are known to observe behaviors and develop self efficacies. Environment can be used to define place. Learners understand the need to adopt some of the behaviors from the environment in order to survive. This leads to self regulation in the process of learning from the environment (Borgatta & Montgomery 2000). The notion that individuals choose behaviors should be seen in the context of why they choose certain behaviors over others (Hawkins 2002). Research shows that the choices are deliberate responses to the environmental pressure and stage of growth. Individuals struggle to gain mastery in proactivity and behavior choice (Akhtar et al 2011). This makes the individuals get integrated into their social environment which is necessary for survival. Research shows that individuals possess an internal self-system. The systems empower them to have measured control over their thoughts. However, the process of control in tempered with environmental factors and time. Feelings and actions change depending on the environmental situations and the level of development (Akhtar et al 2011). Most young people become vulnerable to the process of transition. This is attributed to strict environments, minimal self-reliant and life experiences (Mathew & Bankston 1999). The change comes with different expectations, environmental demands and uncertainties as evidenced in the case of Chelsea. The changes happen at different stages of life (Borgatta & Montgomery 2000). The self-reliant system contains effective and cognitive structures. These structures make it easy to learn from others and regulate one’s behavior (Hawkins 2002). Individuals engage in self reflection through the use of structured strategies and abilities (Borgatta & Montgomery 2000). The self reflection system is attributed to individual choices in some aspects (Sampson et al 2002). The systems are responsible for interplay between external environment and self-system (Akhtar et al 2011). The self system gives individuals the capability to change their environment and in the process alter their own actions (Akhtar et al 2011). Different environments have different demands. Case study Chelsea Chaplin had been a good and lively student. She was liked by both peers and teachers. She registered good GCSE results at the age of 17. However, after commencing Sixth form, she began to disengage from school. She started to drink and was brought home by police who found her drunk at a local park. In addition, her behavior showed substantial changes at home. This was evidenced by throwing a cup of hot coffee over her step father besides violently pushing her ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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