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Name of Tutor Introduction According to the social (justice gap 2), the number of prisoners in the last ten years has rapidly risen by more than 25, 000. However, this growth has particularly been marked among the minority ethnic groups and the Blacks…
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Download file to see previous pages Though surveys show a small difference in the offending rates among the different ethnic groups, Black and minor ethnic groups are actually over-represented at each and every stage in the system of criminal justice right from a stop and search to the custody (The racial justice gap 2). This paper seeks to highlight the reasons to which the justice system has been shadowed by the racial discrimination. It highlights the issues in the education system that may cause the over-representation of African American males in the justice system of the United States. School to Prison Pipeline It is suggested that situational variables alters the educational path of the of the African American males. These include the experience of harsher practices of discipline, being taught by teachers who are unprepared, referral to special education, as well as the feeling of detachment from the school. This is what contribute to the pipeline of school to prison, where techniques of exclusionary discipline experienced by the African American males tends to alienate them from the education system to criminal justice system. This claim is supported by the issuance of practices of exclusionary discipline to the African American males in the 53 counties, in Midwestern United states which may have resulted to an increase in the juvenile court referrals for the victims (Blake, Texas & M University 2). Exclusionary Discipline Practices of exclusionary discipline may have negative effects on children. These practices include expulsion, suspension and educational programs of disciplinary alternatives. These disciplinary alternative programs suspension programs out of school given to students with severe offences resulting in the long term suspension from the regular setting of education. These exclusionary discipline practices are mostly experienced by the Black and Minor ethnic groups. The utilization of these practices may lead to feelings such as those of school disengagement and perceptions that the education system is unsupportive. This normally leads to loss of interest in learning and subsequent associate with the deviant peer groups and this may increase the chances of criminal activities (Blake, Texas & M University 3). Zero Tolerance Policies in Education These are the policies developed by an institution to provide a secure and safe learning environment in a consistent and fair manner. However, the punishment has been found not to be in consistent with severity of the commission of discipline infraction thus making the students unable to learn the rules and the consequences for their actions. Some of the assumptions of the zero tolerance have been found to suggest that students in the school would be safer if those violating the rules are removed from the environment of the school and discipline implemented uniformly. There is also an assumption that these policies are being supported by the parents so that the school safety may be improved. Black and Minor Ethnic groups are the most affected by the rules of zero tolerance given the fact that they are the most likely to experience high chances of the allocation of discipline actions taken on breaking the rules of zero tolerance practices. As a result, these students spend most of their time outside the classes and hence develop feelings of alienation from the school, they record high rates of dropout and incarceration rates that are alarming (Blake, Texas & M University 4). Additional Explanations for Disproportionality There are those who ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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