Human Trafficking and Smuggling Name: Institution: The difference between human trafficking and smuggling is that human smuggling is the facilitation of transport, attempted transportation or even entry of person illegally across an international border. This is a violation of one or more countries’ laws through the use of frequent documents…
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On the other hand, human trafficking involves exploitation of other individuals through the use of force, coercion treats and even deception. This involves abuse of human rights as the act is done against the will of the person being trafficked. Some of the human rights that are violated during the act include dept bondage and lack control over freedom or even labor. The aim of this act is mainly for sexual or labor exploitation (Roth 2012). United nations define human trafficking as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation (NATO Advanced Research Workshop 2011). United States department defines human trafficking as a process of recruitment, transportation, and transferring, harboring or receiving humans by means of threat, coercion, abduction, fraud, deceit, deception or abuse of power with an aim for prostitution, pornography, sexual exploitation, forced labor, involuntary servitude, dept bondage, slavery or any other related practices (Shelley 2010). Domestic human trafficking is defines as an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring or even receiving people through the use of force coercion or any other means that are against their consent with the aim of exploiting them within the country i.e. without taking them out of the international boundaries of a country. In an example domestic human trafficking involve forceful recruiting of people in United States with the aim of exploiting them within the boundaries of United States (Aronowitz 2009). Transnational human trafficking is the act of recruiting people forcefully and transporting them across different parts of the world with a promise of better living conditions only for them to end up being abused (NATO Advanced Research Workshop 2011). Human trafficking for sex is forceful recruitment of people in order for them to be sexual slaves without their consent. On the other hand, human trafficking for labor is forceful recruitment of people in order for them to offer forceful and cheap labor. Human trafficking in Thailand Thailand has been cited as a transit, source and even a destination country for the cases of human trafficking. The minority groups and stateless people are the highest victims of this inhuman act. The destinations for these people are UAE, Malaysia, Bahrain and even China. These people are sexually and labor exploited in these regions. Officials in Thailand states that approximately 2.8 million women with two third among these being minors are traded annually. The country has also been in the receiving end with thousands of people from different parts of the world being brought into the country to join the lucrative business of prostitution. These are mainly from Vietnam and China (Shanty 2008). According to UNHCR, human trafficking occurs thought the year. With little effort from the government of Thailand, human trafficking in this country is spread in different parts of the country such as Lamphun, Pai and Chiang Rai. One of the most affected regions is shanties and poor rural areas. Poverty has been cited as
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“Human Trafficking in Thailand Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1467669-human-trafficking-in-thailand.
The author states that greed for money and riches has triggered human trafficking where individuals concerned have their victims introduced to their evil ways of making money. The ways include introduction to prostitution and pornography, sexual exploitation in people of diverse ages; that is, children young adults and even the old.
Later, the paper considers the obstacles that hinder the war against human trafficking. The latter part of the essay deals with the solutions and recommendations that could help reduce, if not totally remove, the rate at which humans are trafficked. Introduction According to Caldwell (1997) and Blank (2007), more than 4 million people (around 70,000 to 4million women and children), are smuggled into foreign countries in order to generate illicit profits worth of 7 billion US dollars every year.
This paper will apply the Marxist theory to the problem and offer possible solutions to this unacceptable but highly lucrative practice.
Commodity, Marx (1859) notes in A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, is an object of human want divided into two aspects: use-value and exchange value.
rding to the US Department of State Human Rights Report (2005), around two hundred thousand (200,000) to three hundred thousand (300,000) people who are involved in the sex industry in Thailand are either underage or are victims of human trafficking. Some of these sex workers
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
This paper illustrates that many people are trafficked to various countries; among them include Europe, Canada, and the United States among others. The trafficked people are taken to these countries for sexual and labor mistreatment. Girls and women are highly vulnerable to the trafficking. Men are also very susceptible to trafficking.
Human trafficking is an international disaster that affects millions of people daily. Thailand is predominantly disreputable for its high human trafficking volume. Thailand is densely populated especially in the rural areas with about 63,396,000 people. This is approximately 64% of the whole Thailand’s population.
The author states that high rate of missing children in the various countries makes Human Trafficking a global crisis and raises much concern for the integrity of human morals and intention of the traffickers who were stealing children from the countries. The immigration departments at the US borders have loop holes in their organizations.
The author states that human trafficking does not only happen within a country’s. Human traffickers go for the weak and vulnerable members of the society who are mainly women and children. Victims of the acts include men, women and children who are cheated and driven into trafficking, grabbing from them of their power as human beings.
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