Multiculturalism Has Failed.
Multiculturalism has been regarded, for the most part, as a normative framework and an array of nation-state policies that increases acceptance, and encourages appreciation of cultural differences. …
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In the UK, multiculturalism was accepted as a suitable method for contending with cultural differences. Perhaps, it is due partly to the United Kingdom's historical employment of a race-relation line of attack to promoting social equality (Favell 2001). Multiculturalism has become a crucial and important term in the British political discourse for many years. The concept of multi-ethnicity in Britain stressed the notion of "Britishness" as a plural individuality that observes cultural or ethnic differences that represents ‘community of communities' (Parekh 2000). Nevertheless, Britain, and some other European nations, has gone through a hostile response over cultural difference (Grillo 2007). The intensification and proliferation of right-wing nationalist parties, the escalating strictness of immigration rules, and the implementation of citizenship tests represented the intensifying counterattack over multiculturalism. Perhaps, many would subscribe to the notion that there is a complete standard shift in the political discourse in Britain that covers multiculturalism, social cohesion, or from embracing difference to upholding common values. This shift followed the 2001 racial conflicts in the Northern England. It was the absence of social cohesion that brought about the tension, and inspired less multicultural rules and intensifying apprehension over the presumed division of minority communities (McGhee 2005). For example, many European political leaders have expressed opinions regarding the declining development of multiculturalism. In 2010, Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor argued through the BBC World News that: The approach [to build] a multicultural [society] and to live side-by-side and to enjoy each other…has failed, utterly failed. We should not be a country either which gives the impression to the outside world that those who don’t speak German immediately or who were not raised speaking German are not allowed here. Also, British Prime Minister, David Cameron, in 2011 contended that, indeed, multiculturalism has not succeeded in promoting social vibrancy. In a recent article by the BBC World News (2011), the prime minister asserted that the United Kingdom needed a sturdier national identity to preclude the occurrence of a vast array of extremism. Also, advocacies for multiculturalism in Western countries, especially European nations, seem minor or even stumpy (Verkuyten 2007). This rather ugly development in Britain and in some other European countries has been considered to be a withdrawal of multiculturalism in the context of academic literature (Joppke 2004). But even though this interpretation has been challenged, there is a general principal plot in the academic discourse pertaining to the rise and fall of multiculturalism (Kymlicka 2010). In line with these negative developments in so far as failure of multiculturalism is concerned, this paper contends that in order to provide a clear evidence that multiculturalism has indeed failed, there is a need to bring this case on the ground and examine how it is being experienced by people in their day to day lives. Otherwise, academic and political dialogues are jeopardized of being cut off from reality and actual group intergroup relations (Howarth & Andreouli n.d.). Having this in mind, it is therefore valid to contend that a social and psychological method to multiculturalism provides a much more modern philosophical and political discourse by deriving consideratiokn of the inhabited actualities of cultural variety and the strains that are connected with it. Hence, this paper
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Why Multiculturalism Is a Contested Concept Your name Course name Course Instructor Date of Submission Why Multiculturalism Is a Contested Concept Abstract Since time immemorial, many people have been interacting freely across the world. Cultural beliefs and practices have been also seen all over the world with every group of people having its beliefs and practices.
There are many who would agree with the Prime Minister’s sentiments, but there are many others who would disagree. I do not think that multiculturalism has failed in Britain; rather its objectives have been overtaken by time and events. A lot has happened in terms of changes in intercultural relations in the country and the principles of the multicultural policy cannot be expected to solve all the problems arising from divergent cultures represented in the country (Modood 43).
This essay will attempt to analyze the concept of multiculturalism from varied vantage points. Multiculturalism is a term that one of and on comes across in the contemporary modern society, it in no way facilitates a pragmatic understanding of the concept as the term under consideration is open to varied interpretations.
Migration, Multiculturalism & Mobilization.
“If there were only one religion in England there would be danger of despotism, if there were two, they would cut each other's throats, but there are thirty, and they live in peace and happiness.” ~ Voltaire (1694-1778).
Many scholars have put forward their views and devised theories to explain ethnicity. Michael Banton depicts that there is new approach in the explanation of racism that have replaced racial theories. Typologists for a long time held that racial features have a genetic origin and therefore identifies species (Banton, 1987:15).
A general definition of multiculturalism is that it is a social issue and an ideology that stands for diversity, as opposed to assimilation and appreciates, encourages, and respects cultural differences among different people living in the same society. The core principles of multiculturalism emphasize diversity, as opposed to unity and heterogeneity as opposed to homogeneity (Knight, 2008).
Britain always welcomed and celebrated different cultures by protecting their rights. Multiculturalism is an ideology that has its roots in anti-racism. But afterward, it became more of political nature rather than its initial perspective of mutual respect and
The proponents of multiculturalism argue that all cultures are of equal value and that fostering multiculturalism and diversity would enhance the unity and integration of the nation. It is therefore worthwhile to analyse the advantages as well as
The author of the paper states that whenever multicultural policies are implemented, there is inevitable one question that is raised: will the people who belong to different groups be segregated? It first the latter seems like a negative process that is deeply opposite to the very nature of multiculturalism.
Historical Events of Multiculturalism in Canada
In the 1940s Canada was seen in terms as an English and French culture, by linguistics and political identities, and to some extent Aboriginal. During the First World War, Jewish Canadians were seen, especially in Quebec as anti-Semitism which the Catholic Church of Québec associated the Jews as modernists, and liberalists, which was an unacceptable value.
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