The movement of refugees occurs due to certain pressures in the society while the migrations may be due to factors of population distribution. By moving into other countries, then one becomes subject to the laws of their new countries…
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By moving into other countries, then one becomes subject to the laws of their new countries. Migration at most cases occurs at individual choice but at times, some individuals forced to migrate out and this may be due to political, economic, social or even educational reasons (Bernstein & Weiner, 2001: 78). This is so much unlike the reason behind the migrations of refugees, which happens due to political instabilities resulting to wars and conflicts or religious aggressions due to the different beliefs, cultures, and societal opinions. This essay will discuss the central challenges and crisis that refugees face. It will also involve the challenges that they face as they try to incorporate normative principles in their relations, justice, and by genuinely trying to gain consent in their new countries. It will also involve the methodological and theoretical approaches that help in maintaining the standards of refugees. The Geneva Convention of 1951 helped define the term ‘refugee’. After the civil wars and world war 11, the numbers of refugees witnessed all around the globe rose significantly. With most moving from African states, Middle East, and Bangladesh (Chimni, 1998: 49). Other states that have released many slaves into the globe include Iraq, Sudan, Palestinian territories, Myanmar, and Afghanistan. This has resulted to the need for legal restrictions on the movement of refugees and immigrants into other states. Refuges and young forced immigrants are entitled to basic amenities from the countries they move into but they also have the obligation to abide to the states laws. Figures have shown that 15.5 million individuals allover the globe are refugees or forced immigrants. By moving out of their state, the vulnerable and young individuals are exposed to many dangers and inhuman treatments. Some of the states have established refugee programs but others lack funding support or organizations that speak out for young refugee and forced immigrants (Rwomire, 2001: 129). The challenges Young individuals who are yet to turn to adults face many emotional challenges and they are exposed to challenges in terms of security and individual integrity. Homelessness, hunger, violence, deportation, and detention are some of the challenges that they are likely to face. Because of their age as minors does not entitle them to any rights and legal status (Chimni, 1998: 50). As the phase of adulthood responsibilities starts to develop, and the society expects to see change from the young adults and asylum-seekers, they are expected by the states to grow as law-abiding adults. Ignorance is not given as excuse for failure to abide by the laws. These young individuals become punishable by law and the society expects the young adults to have reading and understanding capacities. As young adults they refuges and asylum-seekers loose their allowances as minors and rather have to get their living by getting into the labour market (Zolberg, 2001: 176). Communication between the young refuge and asylum seekers with the administration of their host state is ussually met with challenges. Language barrier is a hindering factor may result to their deportation since the international law no longer protects them. To dodge such, some end up in street life and end up as traffickers, getting into illegal activities, and perpetrators of violence. The young adult refugees and asylum seekers lack access to information concerning documentations and their rights too. Due to their uninformed state, they even lack access to formal education and this is due to differences in education systems (Rwomire, 2001: 130). In some states, the right to access education is only
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